Dr. Dieter Reinisch
Dieter’s research explores oral history, modern history, social movements, historical international relations, and political violence in Ireland and Europe.
With the assistance of his mentor, Prof. Niall Ó Dochartaigh (School of Political Science & Sociology), Dieter will be researching social movement radicalisation and political violence in Germany and Ireland since the end of World War 1.
Dieter comes to us from Central European University in Budapest, where he was a Junior Core Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study. Before his IAS Fellowship, he was a DAAD Postdoctoral Researcher at the Institute for Social Movements, Ruhr University Bochum. He has taught at the Webster Vienna Private University, the University of Vienna, and the University of Salzburg. He defended his PhD research project, an oral history of Irish republican prisoners between 1971-2000, at the Department of History & Civilization, European University Institute, in Florence, and he has since published several articles in major scholarly journals.
Dieter is a permanent editorial board member of the bi-lingual open-access journal “Studi irlandesi: A Journal of Irish Studies” published with Florence University Press; and regularly writes for national and international newspapers. His articles appeared in Washington Post, Times Higher Education, RTÉ Brainstorm, Irish Examiner, Der Standard, Die Presse, ND.derTag, and Wiener Zeitung, among others.
Dr. Clíona Hensey
Clíona’s research is centred on representations of memory, trauma, testimony, witnessing and the imagination in contemporary writing by daughters and granddaughters of harkis, Algerian auxiliary soldiers enlisted in the French army during the Algerian War of Independence (1954-1962).
With the assistance of her mentor, Prof. Phil Dine (School of Languages, Literatures, and Cultures), Clíona is currently preparing a monograph publication based on her PhD research, which is provisionally titled Reconstructive Memory Work: Trauma, Witnessing and the Imagination in Writing by Female Descendants of Harkis.
Clíona completed her PhD at the National University of Ireland, Galway, in 2018, as an Irish Research Council doctoral scholar under the joint supervision of Prof Philip Dine and Dr Máire Áine Ní Mhainnín.
Dr. Ciaran Arthur
Ciaran’s research interests lie in medieval manuscript studies, monastic culture, liturgy, medical and remedial practices, constructions of magic and paganism, theologies of language and translation, and hermeneutic traditions from England, Ireland, and the Continent.
With the assistance of his mentor Dr. Pádraic Moran (School of Languages, Literatures and Cultures), Ciaran will be working on his project “Intentional Obscurity and ‘Divine Speech’ in Early English Texts”.
Ciaran comes to us from Queen’s University, Belfast, where he did his PhD and then held a prestigious postdoctoral award from the Leverhulme Trust. His PhD work was published by Boydell Press in 2018 (‘Charms’, Liturgies, and Secret Rites in Early Medieval England) and he has since published several articles in major scholarly journals.
Ciaran was also a curator, with Sinéad O’Sullivan, of the wonderful Ciphers, Codes and Notes online exhibition:
Dr. Andrew Phemister
Andrew’s current research project examines the development of boycotting as popular political activism, and in particular the profound impact of the practice on liberal political thought in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Denounced as a form of terrorism, this organised social and economic ostracism nevertheless generally involved a rejection of violence, seeking to highlight instead the interdependence of the individual and the wider community. As such, boycotting threatened the stability of the existing economic order and the authority of the state, yet initially offered no obvious avenues for legal redress. The project employs methodologies from transnational and intellectual history, and draws on original archival research to examine how the use of the boycott destabilized prevailing conceptions of individualism, rational autonomy, and property, and how the practice shaped the political discourse of modern liberalism.
Andrew works on Irish political and intellectual history over the long nineteenth century, with a particular focus on transatlantic republican radicalism and the intersecting issues of land, liberalism, and popular activism. He holds degrees from the University of Edinburgh (MA, PhD) and the University of Cambridge (MPhil), and was formerly a postdoctoral fellow at Edinburgh’s Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities, and the University of Oxford. His doctoral work, which is currently being prepared as a monograph, looked at the role of American land reformer Henry George in the Irish Land War.
Dr. Andrea Ciribuco
Dr. Andrea Ciribuco received NUIG’s first Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions COFUND Collaborative Research Fellowships for a Responsive and Innovative Europe (CAROLINE) with the Irish Research Council in 2017 under the mentorship of Dr. Anne O’Connor, School of Languages, Literatures, and Cultures.
Dr. Ciribuco’s project – LINCS (Language Interaction and New Communities in a multilingual Society) – – is a project about language, the migrant experience, and cultural identity.
Dr. Ciribuco spent two of the three years of the fellowship in the field, working with an Italian NGO, Tamat. The goal was to achieve a better understanding of the links between language, cultural background, and how individuals present themselves in a new culture. This knowledge will be used to inform and promote language practices and policies that will ultimately result in more inclusive societies.
In this current year of the project, Dr. Ciribuco will use the knowledge acquired during these two years of field work to create collaborations and exchanges of knowledge with Irish organizations.
The project will interest NGOs, local and European institutions as well as scholars, creating awareness of the ways in which we can remove linguistic obstacles to communication in a multicultural, multilingual Europe.
Dr. Anne Karhio
Virtual landscapes? New media technologies and the poetics of place in recent Irish poetry
Irish Research Council and Marie Skłodowska-Curie ELEVATE postdoctoral fellow
The project focuses on the impact of new media technologies on literary representations of landscape in Irish poetry and poetic culture. It addresses the relationship between new media and poetry both thematically, and through the aesthetic and cultural implications of new forms of dissemination. Works included have been published in print as well as in digital formats, and the project also covers poetry’s engagement with visual and audiovisual arts, music, and other forms of artistic production.
Dr Anne Karhio is an Irish Research Council Laureate Project Fellow in the project “Republic of Conscience: Human Rights and Modern Irish Poetry”. Her research interests include contemporary Irish poetry, digital literature and culture, and the aesthetics of space and landscape. She is a graduate of the University of Helsinki and holds a PhD in English from the National University of Ireland in Galway. She has contributed to the European Research Council -funded project “Machine Vision in Everyday Life: Playful Interactions with Visual Technologies in Digital Art, Games, Narratives and Social Media” at the University of Bergen, Norway, and has previously completed a Irish Research Council MSCA co-fund postdoctoral project on “Virtual Landscapes: New Media Technologies and the Poetics of Place in Recent Irish Poetry”. Her publications include a number of journal articles and critical essays on contemporary poetry, electronic literature, digital media aesthetics, and place and landscape. She is the author of Slight Return: Paul Muldoon’s Poetics of Space (Peter Lang, 2016), and the co-edited collection of critical essays Crisis and Contemporary Poetry (Palgrave MacMillan, 2011).
Dr. Cassie Smith-Christmas
LaFS (‘Language, Families, and Society’) focuses on three types of linguistic minority families—autochthonous, immigrant, and refugee—as a means to elucidating more about how social inequality is perpetuated (or arrested) along linguistic lines, and how policy at the local, national, and international levels can better support linguistic minority families. LaFS therefore will look at how families experience language policy in their daily lives and how this in turn affects their family-internal linguistic practices. It also will look at policymakers’ (government officials, support agencies, teachers, etc.) role in designing and implementing policy that affects linguistic minority families, with the main aim of uncovering any potential gaps and mismatches between families’ lived experiences and policymakers’ perceptions and initiatives. LaFS is envisaged therefore to provide a lens to understanding more about Europe’s three main sociolinguistic challenges: the decline of its many autochthonous minority languages; increased linguistic diversity due to increased mobility among European member states; and what is generally referred to as the ‘refugee crisis.’ Ireland’s multifaceted linguistic make-up in terms of the official status of its autochthonous language (Irish) as well as the fact that historically, it is a country of out-migration rather than in-migration makes it a timely case study for this endeavour. LaFS will therefore centre on families who speak Irish as a home language (autochthonous); Polish (immigrant); and Arabic or Kurdish (refugee) as a means to understanding the challenges these linguistic minority families face and how these challenges affect their sense of identity, belonging, and overall well-being.
Cassie’s interest in language use in families initially stemmed from her work with a Scottish Gaelic-speaking family on the Isle of Skye for her PhD thesis at the University of Glasgow, completed in 2012. Since then, she has continued research with families and communities involved in language revitalisation, and she has held fellowships with Soillse at the University of the Highlands and Islands and at the Institute for the Advanced Studies in the Humanities (IASH) at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. In Ireland, she was a Government of Ireland Irish Research Council Postdoctoral Fellow (2016-2018) with the project ‘The Challenges of Minority Language Maintenance: Family Language Policy in Scotland and Ireland’ and also held a fellowship with the Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage as co-principal investigator for the project ‘The Intersection of Language and Community in Corca Dhuibhne.’
Cassie’s recent publications include a monograph Family Language Policy: Maintaining an Endangered Language in the Home (Palgrave, 2016) and two co-edited collections New Speakers of Minority Languages: Linguistic Ideologies and Practices (Palgrave, 2018) and Gaelic in Contemporary Scotland: The Revitalisation of an Endangered Language (EUP, 2018). She also is the author of 16 peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters, details of which can be found here on her staff profile.
Dr. Cathal Geoghegan
Economic-environmental-spatial impact of novel technologies
Policy Lab/BEACON Science Foundation Ireland Project Postdoctoral Researcher in Economics
The project will develop an analytical framework to undertake an economic-environmental-spatial impact assessment of new bio-economy sectors.
Novel economic analytical routines will be utilised to evaluate the multi-dimension impact of new technologies on the economy, whether it be from a system point of view, a value chain effect on the wider economy or from a risk assessment point of view. The project will also extend the value chain perspective to incorporate carbon footprinting.
Cathal recently completed a PhD titled ‘Understanding the Economics of Land Access in Ireland’ at NUI Galway. To date, this work has resulted in the publication of numerous articles in peer-reviewed journals and a published book chapter in Farm Level Microsimualtion Modelling (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017). Previously, Cathal worked on the Commission for the Development of Rural Areas (CEDRA) and contributed to the writing of the commission’s final report and the book Rural Economic Development in Ireland (Teagasc, 2014).
Policy Lab, Moore Institute
Dr Kieran Fitzpatrick
Between roughly 1880 and 1950, the way in which scientific medicine conceived of and treated cancer went through a series of seismic changes, changes that have influenced the structure and perceptions of cancer medicine into the twenty-first century. An important figure in contributing to these changes was Peter Freyer, born near Clifden, Connemara, a graduate of the then Queen’s College Galway, and later one of the foremost prostate specialists in the world. My work at the Moore Institute seeks to use Freyer’s remaining archive, which is extensive and held at the University’s Special Collections, to provide a history of the extent to which, how, and why cancer medicine changed in this period, and what those changes meant for the practice of medicine not just in Britain and Ireland, but further afield, too.
Dr Kieran Fitzpatrick is currently the NUI’s post-doctoral Research Fellow in the Humanities for 2018-2020. Prior to his starting in this role, he was a post-doctoral research assistant at St John’s College, Oxford, which was also the location for his doctoral research that was completed with the assistance of the Wellcome Trust between 2013 and 2016. His initial training as a historian was undertaken at the University of Limerick (2007-2011) and NUI Galway (2011-2012).
Dr Laoighseach Ní Choistealbha
Republic of Conscience is an Irish Research Council-funded project based in the Moore Institute, NUI Galway. The project is concerned with the dissemination of human rights ideas within Irish poetry, both English- and Irish-language Irish poetry, as well as translations from other European languages, within the twentieth century.
Laoighseach Ní Choistealbha is a research assistant on the Republic of Conscience: Human Rights and Modern Irish Poetry, and is based in the Moore Institute. Her interests include folklore, poetry, and translation.
Dr Steven Hadley
Dr. Hadley will undertake key research under the direction of Prof. Daniel Carey (Director of the Moore Institute) in association with academic leaders in the University and within the 2020 team, focusing on monitoring and evaluation against an agreed set of aims, objectives and outcomes for Galway’s year as European Capital of Culture in 2020. These include measuring social and economic impacts against available baseline data and evaluating Galway 2020 activities undertaken in communities and with arts practitioners as part of the European Capital of Culture.
Past Postdoctoral Researchers
Dr. Bronagh Ann McShane
National University of Ireland Post-Doctoral Fellow in the Humanities
My project will provide a comprehensive, long-term study of the experiences and activities of Irish women religious from 1530 down to the mid-eighteenth century, a period of tumultuous religious change and upheaval. The suppression of religious houses in Ireland during the 1530s and 1540s marked an abrupt end to a formal way of religious life, which traced its origins back to the early Christian Church. While we know a good deal about the experiences of Irish male religious in the aftermath of the monastic suppression campaigns, and about women religious in England and Europe, by contrast the Irish female experience has been largely overlooked in the historiography of early modern Ireland and European female monasticism. My project will address that lacuna in existing scholarship by examining the ways in which Irish women religious negotiated their survival in the aftermath of the religious reforms of the 1530s and 1540s down to the mid-eighteenth century.
Bronagh Ann McShane is a social historian specialising in the history of women, religion and confessionalisation in early modern Ireland and Europe. She completed her PhD (IRC-funded) at Maynooth University in 2015. She has published articles on aspects of her research in British Catholic History and Archivium Hibernicum and is contributing to a forthcoming collection on New Directions in Early Modern Irish History (contracted with Routledge). Between 2015 and 2018 Bronagh was employed as a postdoctoral researcher on the project ‘RECIRC: The Reception and Circulation of Early Modern Women’s Writing, 1550-1700’, directed by Professor Marie-Louise Coolahan and funded by the ERC.
Dr. Emma Creedon
IRC Government of Ireland Postdoctoral Fellow
This project is focusing on the role of physical disability in twentieth and twenty-first century Irish drama. Considering specific stagings of the disabled body, it is investigating how the convention of “cripping up”, an industry term describing the practice of an able-bodied actor playing a disabled character, can perpetuate stereotypes and contribute to the marginalisation of those with physical disability in Irish culture.
Twentieth century and contemporary Irish drama contain numerous examples of physical disability being performed by able-bodied actors. From the Blind Man in W.B. Yeats’ On Baile’s Strand (1904), to Beckett’s dramatic images of disability and bodily fragmentation, to “Cripple Billy” in Martin McDonagh’s The Cripple of Inishmaan (1997), there is an Irish dramatic tradition of identifying disabled characters by their physical impairment. Furthermore, disability is often employed as a synecdoche for a thwarted morality (historical examples include the hunchback in Dion Boucicault’s The Colleen Bawn (1860)) or blindness as an allegory for prophecy. However, there are few examples in Ireland, and indeed internationally, of theatres sourcing disabled actors to play these roles. By “cripping up,” an actor demonstrates his/her performative virtuosity, rather than committing to accurate representations of reality. The result is the potential degradation of the disabled body, a stylised performance evoking vaudevillian conventions; performance thus engenders belief in stereotype. This has serious implications regarding preconceptions about normalcy. Irish drama will be examined as a case study and will be contextualised within international debates about corporeality, reconstructive surgery, bodily memory, prosthesis, phenomenology, and theories of the posthuman.
Dr Emma Creedon
IRC Government of Ireland Postdoctoral Fellow
Moore Institute for Research in the Humanities and Social Studies,
Hardiman Research Building,
National University of Ireland, Galway.
Dr. Felicity Maxwell
Irish Research Council Government of Ireland Postdoctoral Fellow
My current project is to write the first-ever monograph about the seventeenth-century Anglo-Irish thinker and letter writer Dorothy Moore. Unusually for a woman at that time, Moore participated in scholarly networks and used correspondence with other members of the Hartlib Circle and of the wider European Republic of Letters as the means to develop and disseminate her ideas on a number of challenging topics: how to improve women’s education; how to increase women’s involvement in the public life of Protestant societies; the purposes of Christian singleness and marriage; and religious politics in Britain and the Netherlands. Through close readings of Moore’s surviving correspondence in English, French, and Latin and through visualisations of her involvement and reception within two interconnected intellectual networks, the monograph will offer an overarching interpretation of Moore’s unique contributions to the Protestant Republic of Letters and will establish her importance to the fields of Irish and British women’s writing and women’s history, within the wider context of transnational Protestant intellectual culture.
Originally from Ottawa, Canada, Felicity came to Galway in September 2014 as a postdoctoral researcher on the project ‘RECIRC: The Reception and Circulation of Early Modern Women’s Writing, 1550-1700’, directed by Professor Marie-Louise Coolahan and funded by the ERC. Felicity obtained her PhD in English at the University of Glasgow in June 2014 with the support of a Doctoral Fellowship from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. As a doctoral researcher affiliated with the ‘Bess of Hardwick’s Letters’ project, directed by Dr Alison Wiggins, Felicity wrote her thesis on the correspondence of Bess of Hardwick’s servants, c. 1550-1590. For details of Felicity’s (and RECIRC colleagues’) recent publications and presentations, see http://recirc.nuigalway.ie/presentations-and-publications.
Twitter: @flmaxwell (intermittently!)
Dr. José Brownrigg-Gleeson Martínez
IRC Government of Ireland Postdoctoral Fellow
‘The global Irish and the re-imagining of Latin America during the Age of Revolutions (1776–1848)’
My research project examines the neglected role of Latin America in the development of Irish perceptions of imperialism, decolonization and modernity during the Age of Revolutions (1776–1848). The project looks beyond the scholarship concerning the place of Ireland within the British Empire to analyse the rich body of textual images of Latin America created and circulated amongst Irish communities —both at home and abroad— during the period. The research first charts Irish images of the Iberian New World in the late 18th century. It then traces Irish interpretations of the challenges faced by Latin America during the struggle for independence and the formation of the new nation-states, in the form of civil wars, economic crises and racial tensions. Finally, it studies how these views were assimilated and integrated into discussions about the Irish experience of empire and emigration from the passing of the Act of Union to Young Ireland’s abortive 1848 rebellion. Additionally, the project aspires to encourage discussion on the position of Latin America in the expanding environment of Irish Studies.
José is a historian of Latin America and Ireland in the 18th and 19th centuries. He holds a PhD in History from the University of Salamanca (Spain), where he was a founding member of Indusal, the university’s research group on Latin American independence. Together with exploring the intellectual and political dimensions of Irish involvement in the revolutionary processes of the Hispanic world, he has published on other aspects of transnational history, such as Irish migration, mobility and multilingualism in Spanish America during the late colonial period, and Hispano-Irish relations. This research has received the generous support of various institutions, such as the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation, and Harvard University’s International Seminar on the History of the Atlantic World. José was the 2017–18 National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) Fellow at the University of Notre Dame’s Keough-Naughton Institute for Irish Studies (USA), and previously worked as an associate lecturer at the University of Winchester (UK), and as a research assistant at NUI Galway on the project ‘Changing Words/Changing Worlds: Translation in Nineteenth-Century Ireland’, directed by Dr. Anne O’Connor and funded by the IRC. José is also active in the field of translation and has translated several books.
Dr. Ciaran McDonough
Project: During this fellowship, I will work on a book chapter for a collected volume of essays titled Hardiman and After: Galway Culture and Society since 1820. My contribution will cover a biography of James Hardiman, the first librarian of NUI Galway (then Queen’s College, Galway) and his works in their nineteenth-century antiquarian context. James Hardiman (1782-1855) was a leading intellectual of his day, a scholar of music, poetry, folklore and history. In 1820, he published the groundbreaking History of the Town and County of the Town of Galway. On the establishment of the university in Galway in 1849, he was appointed its Librarian, a post he held for the remainder of his life. An important new book, Hardiman and After: Galway Culture and Society, 1820-2020 (edited by John Cunningham and Ciaran McDonough) marks the bicentenary of the publication of Hardiman’s History, in conjunction with Galway’s historic year as European Capital of Culture.
Ciaran McDonough was until recently a Postdoctoral Researcher in History at the National University of Ireland, Galway. She was awarded a PhD in 2017 by NUIG for her thesis on nineteenth-century Irish antiquarian cultures. She has published articles on Irish antiquarianism and the Irish language in the nineteenth century in Studi Irlandesi, Studia Celtica Fennica, and Landscapes. She is the co-editor of the forthcoming collection of essays (with John Cunningham),
Hardiman and after: Galway Culture and Society, 1820-2020.
Dr Margaret Scull
Project Title: ‘Death be not proud’: Funerals as Protest during the Northern Ireland ‘Troubles’
Dr Maggie Scull is Irish Research Council postdoctoral fellow. Before joining the Moore Institute she was a Teaching Fellow in Modern British and Irish History at King’s College London. Her interdisciplinary research explores the relationship religion and politics in the contemporary period. She examines the ‘soft power’ influence religious leaders still possessed in British and Irish politics after the Second World War. Her current project examines the role of funerals throughout the Northern Irish ‘Troubles’. In addition, she is working on a monograph exploring the Catholic Church’s response to the conflict in Northern Ireland, 1968-98. In 2016, she co-organised the ‘Rethinking the 1980/81 Hunger Strikes’ Project with Dr Alison Garden, which examined the legacy of the strikes for British and Irish politics and culture. Earlier this year she co-organised ‘Agreement 20’ project, a two-day symposium at the Irish World Heritage Centre in Manchester marking the twentieth anniversary of the Belfast/Good Friday Agreement.
RECIRC: The Reception and Circulation of Early Modern Women’s Writing, 1550-1700 is an ERC-funded project led by Marie-Louise Coolahan, involving seven postdoctoral researchers and two doctoral students. The project is producing a large-scale, quantitative analysis of the reception and circulation of women’s writing from 1550 to 1700. The results will enable analysis of how texts, ideas and reputations gained traction in the early modern period. The focus includes writers who were read in Ireland and Britain as well as women born and resident in Anglophone countries; the subject of study is not limited to authors who wrote in English. RECIRC is organised in four interlocking work packages: transnational religious networks; the international republic of letters; the manuscript miscellany; and book/manuscript ownership.
Dr. Alice Colombo
The transnational mobility of cheap print: British chapbooks in Italy, 1800-1850
My project compares British and Italian repertoires of popular publishing to determine how and to what extent translation is responsible for the similarities and differences that exist between them. Specifically, it tracks and analyses translations of British chapbooks published in nineteenth-century Italy, mainly between 1800 and 1850. The analysis of the Italian versions and their sources is carried out using an interdisciplinary approach that integrates translation studies with theories of textuality and the histories of the book and of reading. While contributing to translation history and to the bibliographical and historiographical survey of cheap print, my research enhances our awareness of the transnational dimension of popular publishing. This sheds new light on the processes that led to the formation of a shared European heritage of popular culture.
Dr. Ciarán McCabe
I am currently in receipt of a one-year Irish Research Council Postdoctoral Fellowship, which is focused on publishing a monograph arising from my doctoral research. My research examines the practices of begging and alms-giving in pre-Famine Ireland ( c. 1815-45). Section I considers the challenges in defining and measuring beggary in this period, while also analysing the varied ways in which beggars were perceived – as deviant, benign or just simply ubiquitous. Section II explores the roles of lay charities and civil parish vestries in responding to begging and beggars; in the instance of charities, I am undertaking a case study of the mendicity society movement which spread throughout Ireland and Britain in the first half of the nineteenth century. Given the centrality of religion in the practice of charity and philanthropy in this period, Section III analyses how Roman Catholics and Protestants (of different denominations) viewed and negotiated begging and alms-giving, and to what extent can differences or similarities be attributed to confessional affiliation.
Dr. Conor McNamara
Dr. Conor McNamara is the 1916 Scholar in Residence for 2016 at the Moore Institute. This year he has spoken at over seventy academic conferences, community events and schools on the topic of the Easter Rebellion. He is the co-curator of the University’s flagship centenary exhibition, A College in War & Revolution 1913-19; The University Experience, currently on display in the Hardiman Library. He is currently compiling a directory of archives covering the revolutionary period in the west of Ireland and is the author of numerous journal articles and book chapters on the Revolutionary period in the west.
Dr. Conor McNamara
NUI Galway, 1916 Scholar in Residence, 2016
Author: Easter 1916: A New Illustrated History (2015)
Editor: The West of Ireland: New Perspectives on the Nineteenth Century (2011)
Dr Darrell Jones
Irish Research Council Government of Ireland Postdoctoral Fellow
Darrell Jones is a graduate of the University of Oxford and Trinity College Dublin. He has a broad range of research and teaching interests in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century literary, cultural, and intellectual history. Having completed his PhD in 2014, Darrell joined the Moore Institute two years later in order to begin a postdoctoral project entitled ‘The Early Modern Essay and the New Science’. The project explores the complex relationships among literary form, experimental philosophy, and intellectual discourse in late seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century Britain and Ireland. Work currently in progress includes a study of the composition and early reception of John Locke’s An Essay concerning Human Understanding (1690), and a chapter on Irish responses to the Molyneux problem for the forthcoming volume Irish Literature in Transition 1700–1780 (Cambridge University Press, 2018).
Dr Darrell Jones
Dr. David Clare
The Hibernicising of the Anglo-Irish Playwright, 1904-2013
This project aims to demonstrate that, since the opening of the Abbey Theatre in 1904, Irish theatre-makers have frequently imposed Irish elements onto the English-set plays written by the great, London-based, Irish Protestant playwrights.
As discerning critics have long recognised, George Farquhar, Oliver Goldsmith, R.B. Sheridan, Oscar Wilde, and Bernard Shaw frequently signalled their Irish origins in their plays. Often cited are their satirical portraits of the English, their subversive use of Stage Irishmen, and their inclusion of Irish topical references. In the decades since the Revival, however, Irish theatre-makers have not been satisfied with such coded expressions of Irishness. As an expression of their own cultural nationalism, theatre-makers have made the Irish characters in these plays more central; they have had certain English or continental European characters played with Irish accents; they have re-set plays in Ireland; and they have even included the Irish playwrights in the on-stage action.
This tendency to crudely “Hibernicise” these plays reflects the discomfort that Irish theatre practitioners feel with the Irish-British cultural hybridity of these playwrights. Being from Church of Ireland backgrounds, these writers self-identified as Irish and even possessed what Elizabeth Bowen referred to as the “subtle anti-Englishness” of the “Anglo-Irish”; however, they were also aware that they were, on some level, British (in the same way that a Scottish, Welsh, or Northern Irish person might consider themselves British today). I will argue that, in the wake of the Good Friday agreement (and for historical accuracy’s sake), critics and theatre-makers must understand and analyse the Irish-British hybridity of Irish Protestant writers, including those covered in this project.
Dr. David Clare is an Irish Research Council-funded postdoctoral research fellow based in the Moore Institute at the National University of Ireland, Galway. His first book, Bernard Shaw’s Irish Outlook, was published by Palgrave Macmillan in November 2015, and his journal articles on important figures from Irish literature and drama have appeared (or will soon appear) in the Irish Studies Review, the New Hibernia Review, the Irish University Review, Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review, the Irish Review, Studies in Burke and His Time, and Emerging Perspectives.
Dr. Debora Biancheri
Representing difference: Issues of identity and cultural encounters in the Italian translations of Seamus Heaney
Dr. Biancheri’s research area is literary translation, and her main objective is to investigate to what degree source texts might be transformed by manifold cultural and social aspects inherent to the context of reception that also figure into the specific interpretive inscription of a translation. The focus of her project funded by the Irish Research Council is the critical analysis on the poetry of Nobel Laureate Seamus Heaney, and its reception in Italy in particular. The goal is to demonstrate that given target texts only corresponds to one interpretation of their sources, and to establish how this interpretation is influenced by factors transcending linguistic constraints. It is questioned, for instance, to what extent translated texts might challenge, or else conform to a given international construction of Irish and Northern Irish identity. This research, by way of a thorough engagement with literary texts in translation, contributes to the understanding of the cultural dialogue between European countries. The work resulting from this research provides a relevant intervention to topical debates in the area of translation studies, as well as to the ongoing discussion about Heaney’s poetic legacy in Ireland and abroad.
Dr. Deirdre Ní Chonghaile
NUI Postdoctoral Fellow in Irish/Celtic Studies
Deirdre Ní Chonghaile is a graduate of the University of Oxford and University College Cork. She first came to the Moore Institute in 2012 as an IRC Postdoctoral Fellow. Thereafter, she was a Research Associate with the Digital Culture Initiative and she now holds a NUI Postdoctoral Fellowship in Irish/Celtic Studies. Prior to coming to Galway, she was NEH Keough Fellow at the University of Notre Dame and Alan Lomax Fellow in Folklife Studies at the John W. Kluge Center at the Library of Congress in Washington D.C. She is currently completing a monograph about music-collecting in Ireland.
My work focuses on voices, contemporary and historical, especially those that have been marginalized, and on what they have to say or sing. With the NUI Post-Doctoral Fellowship in Irish/Celtic Studies, I hope to complete my historiographical book on music-collecting in Ireland and also to expand my research into Irish cultural history of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries by beginning work on the Rev. Daniel J. Murphy manuscripts at NUI Galway. Transcribed in Pennsylvania in 1884-1924, this abundant and untapped collection of Irish-language song and folklore documents the pre-Famine memory of Ireland as performed and preserved by scores of emigrants. As the Rev. Murphy collection pre-empts the work of the Irish Folklore Commission by two generations, the chance to unlock its potential presents an exciting opportunity to diversify and enrich the evidentiary base from which scholars currently draw. Developing the collection into an open-access resource promises to inspire a major re-assessment of Irish and Irish-American history, focusing especially on language and performance practices, migration, assimilation, and identity in a global context. It also promises to generate a new source for genealogy, music repertoire, and to repatriate cultural inheritances to stakeholders on both sides of the Atlantic.
Photo: Anne Burke
Title: Postdoctoral Researcher, “RECIRC: The Reception and Circulation of Early Modern Women’s Writing, 1550–1700″
RECIRC aims to provide the first quantitative account of the reception and circulation of women’s writing. My research for the project focuses specifically on the transmission of women’s writing in manuscript miscellanies. This research will culminate in a co-authored monograph with Marie-Louise Coolahan and Sajed Chowdhury, tentatively titled ‘The Reception and Circulation of Early Modern Women’s Writing in Manuscript Miscellanies, 1550–1700’.
Erin A. McCarthy is a literary historian specializing in early modern British literature and the histories of material texts and reading. She is currently a postdoctoral researcher on the European Research Council-funded project “RECIRC: The Reception and Circulation of Early Modern Women’s Writing, 1550–1700” at the National University of Ireland, Galway. Beginning in February 2019, she will be Lecturer in Digital Humanities at the University of Newcastle (Australia). She has published articles in the John Donne Journal, Studies in English Literature, and the Review of English Studies. Her first book, Doubtful Readers: Print, Poetry, and the Reading Public in Early Modern England is under contract with Oxford University Press.
Dr Jackie Ui Chionna
September 2018-February 2019 – Dr. Uí Chionna is currently preparing a book entitled “An Oral History of University College Galway, 1930-1980: A University in Living Memory” for publication. The book is based on interviews conducted as part of an oral history project initiated by the university management team at NUI Galway in 2007-2009. The project set out to establish what it was like to study, teach or work at what was then University College Galway from 1930-1980. the book will be published by Four Courts Press, Dublin, in Autumn 2019.
Dr. Laura Branch
Marie Skłodowska-Curie Intra-European Fellow
Networks of Trade and Religion in Richard Hakluyt’s Principal Navigations (1589, 1598-1600).
This project investigates the relationship between trade and religion in Richard Hakluyt’s Principal Navigations (1589, 1598-1600), a vast repository of documents concerned with early modern commercial and colonial expansion. The study has two central objectives: the first is to introduce a more sophisticated understanding of religious identity into the discussion of Hakluyt and his sources. Traditionally, scholars have labelled Hakluyt a staunch Protestant, but I argue that his anti-Catholic rhetoric simply reflected state policy, while the extensive material he included in his collection features an important array of interactions between traders of different faiths, suggesting a more diverse, flexible and pragmatic world of commerce. The second objective is to re-establish the centrality of England’s long-distance trading empire to Hakluyt’s vision by considering trading missions to Russia, Persia, and the Levant. Scholars have devoted disproportionate attention to the material relating to the Americas despite the fact that it comprises just one third of the text. This research takes a nuanced approach to cross-confessional trade by considering not only how Protestants traded with Muslims and Orthodox Christians, but also how English Catholics lived and worked alongside English Protestants and how far their attitudes differed towards other faiths. The project is interdisciplinary in engaging with aspects of early modern trade, religion, culture and literature; and blends methodologies of textual analysis with prosopography and social network theory.
Dr. Nahuel Sznajderhaus
Irish Research Council Postdoctoral Fellow Project title:
‘A Realist Approach to Quantum Mechanics and Inter-theory Relations in Physical Theories: the Closed Theories View’.
In this IRC Fellowship Nahuel will articulate a philosophical approach to the interpretation of quantum mechanics, with particular focus on the relationship between classical mechanics and quantum mechanics. By contrast with classical mechanics, it is still unclear what quantum mechanics is about. Nevertheless, the tradition considers that classical mechanics can be recovered “in the limit” from quantum mechanics. And yet there are notorious difficulties in describing how that limit works. His PhD thesis examined these issues, criticised the traditional framework and motivated an alternative view based on the pluralist view of Werner Heisenberg, which he aims to develop further during this project.
After completing his studies in physics at the University of Buenos Aires in Argentina, Nahuel obtained a Darwin Trust of Edinburgh scholarship to pursue a PhD in philosophy. He was awarded PhD at the University of Leeds in March 2017 with the thesis “Realism and Intertheory Relationships: Interstructuralism, Closed Theories and the Quantum-Classical Limit”. From March through August 2017 Nahuel conducted research as a short-term post-doctoral researcher at the Leeds Humanities Research Institute. He has also worked extensively in education outreach in England and in Argentina.
“Decoherence and intertheory relations in quantum realism”. Metatheoria UNTREF, Argentina, www.metatheoria.com.ar. 2017. In press. “On the received realist view of quantum mechanics”. Cadernos de Historia e Filosofia da Ciencia, UNICAMP, Brazil, v.2, n.1, 2016. In press. “Current debates in the philosophy of quantum mechanics”. Cadernos de Historia e Filosofia da Ciencia, UNICAMP, Brazil, v.2, n.1, 2016. Co-authored with Jonas R. Becker Arenhart. In press.
Twitter: @N_Sznajderhaus URL: nsznaj.weebly.com
Dr. Niamh Wycherley
The Language of Relics in Medieval Ireland
NUI Postdoctoral Fellow in Irish/Celtic Studies
This project will construct the first detailed analysis of the terminology and language relating to the cult of relics in early Ireland, from the fifth to the twelfth century. Despite the internationally recognised importance of the cult of relics there has been relatively little historical research undertaken on the cult of relics in Ireland. An obstacle to this research has been the bilingual nature of the early Irish sources, which has produced a large body of terms used to denote relics, deterring scholars. It is only through a detailed analysis of the specific terms used in these sources, by someone like myself, skilled in both Old Irish and Latin, that the nuances within the cult of relics can be revealed. Both Latin and vernacular terms for saints’ relics repay scrutiny. They are often less transparent than modern histories assume, and some Old Irish relic-terms reveal more than their Latin counterparts about prevailing religious customs.
Dr Niamh Wycherley
NUI Postdoctoral Fellow in Irish/Celtic Studies
Dr. Regina Donlon
The Tuke Irish in Minnesota: a transnational analysis of assisted emigration to the American Midwest, 1880-1930.
Between 1882 and 1884 over 9,000 people from the Clifden, Oughterard, Belmullet and Newport Poor Law Unions left the west of Ireland as part of James Hack Tuke’s assisted emigration schemes. Of these, an estimated 800 emigrants settled in the US Federal State of Minnesota. Accordingly, this study considers the origins of an Irish emigrant community in the west of Ireland, discussed in tandem with the unique characteristics of their immigrant experience in the American Midwest. The project explores and chronicles the lives of Tuke’s assisted emigrants from counties Galway and Mayo and examines their experience through social, cultural, economic, political and religious lenses. This provides a narrative of the transnational nature of migration and its ability to forge global connections. Ultimately the study reveals some the challenges and opportunities faced by the Irish emigrants to the American Midwest during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Telephone: 091 493903
Dr Thomas Leahy
Irish Research Council Government of Ireland Postdoctoral Fellow
‘Memory beyond borders: dealing with the legacy of the Northern Ireland conflict in the Republic of Ireland, 1969 to 2016’.
This research investigates the impact of the Northern Ireland conflict on the Republic of Ireland between 1969 and 2016. It considers four key questions: what impact has the Troubles had on Irish politics and society? what has been the current contribution of the Irish government towards dealing with the legacy of the Troubles? should any further efforts be made? what role can history play in dealing with the legacy of the Troubles in the Irish Republic? The research involves cross-referencing a range of sources, including original interview material provided by various political parties, victims groups, former paramilitary groups, and government departments in Ireland, Northern Ireland and the UK. The research seeks to engage with public debates and to inform Irish government ideas for dealing with the past in relation to the Northern Ireland conflict.
Thomas was awarded his PhD in history from King’s College London in 2015. His PhD work that is currently under consideration for a book is entitled: ‘Informers, the Provisional Irish Republican Army and British counter-insurgency strategy during the Northern Ireland conflict, 1969-1998’. This research partly involved evaluating a unique range of interview material from all sides of the conflict. He has previously lectured at Cardiff University on the Northern Ireland conflict.
Publications: ‘The Influence of Informers and Agents on Provisional Irish Republican Army Military Strategy and British Counter-Insurgency Strategy, 1976–94’ in Twentieth Century British History, (2015), Vol.26, Issue 1, pp.122-146.