Dr Erin A. McCarthy

Research Fellow and the Principal Investigator of the Irish Research Council-funded project “STEMMA”

Erin A. McCarthy a Senior Research Fellow and the Principal Investigator of the Irish Research Council-funded project “STEMMA: Systems of Transmitting Early Modern Manuscript Verse, 1558–1660.” She is a graduate of Arizona State University (BA 2005) and The Ohio State University (MA 2007; PhD with Certificate in Medieval and Renaissance Studies 2012). Her doctoral work was supported by an Andrew W. Mellon Fellowship in Humanistic Studies and OSU’s Presidential Fellowship.

From 2014 to 2018, she was a postdoctoral researcher on the European Research Council-funded project “RECIRC: The Reception and Circulation of Early Modern Women’s Writing, 1550–1700.” In 2019, she held the Katharine F. Pantzer Jr. Fellowship in Descriptive Bibliography at Harvard University’s Houghton Library before taking up her appointment as Lecturer in Digital Humanities and English at the University of Newcastle (Australia). She was promoted to Senior Lecturer in 2022 and retains an affiliation with UON as an Honorary Senior Lecturer.

Most recently, Erin has been awarded an Irish Research Council Consolidator Laureate Award for her project “STEMMA: Systems of Transmitting Early Modern Manuscript Verse, 1558–1660.” The project, which runs from September 2022 to August 2026, computationally maps and models the movement of English poetry through early modern social networks. It will apply insights from network analysis and graph theory to provide the most comprehensive overview of the circulation of early modern English verse in manuscript to date.

Erin is the author of Doubtful Readers: Print, Poetry, and the Reading Public (Oxford University Press, 2020), which was named an Outstanding Academic Title by CHOICE in 2021. She is currently completing a second monograph, “The Reception and Circulation of Early Modern Women’s Writing in Manuscript Miscellanies, 1550–1700,” with Marie-Louise Coolahan and Sajed Chowdhury. Her scholarship has also appeared in the journals John Donne Journal, SEL: Studies in English Literature 1500–1900, the Review of English Studies, and Criticism as well edited collection, reference works, and online publications.

Contact Info:

E-mail: erin.mccarthy@universityofgalway.ie

Dr Andrea Ciribuco

Lecturer in Italian, and an Irish Research Council Laureate Fellow on the project “VICO”

Research Project:

Rural Villages, Migration, and Intercultural Communication (VICO) is a sociolinguistic study of migration in rural areas. Theproject works with rural communities in Ireland to understand how different languages and cultures coexist in these environments, investigating the obstacles and opportunities for intercultural communication in rural areas.

Rural areas present unique sets of challenges related to the coexistence between migrants, refugees, and local communities. Many rural communities in Europe may be already experiencing issues such as ageing populations, loss of economic vitality, distance from economic and cultural centres, reduction of public services; the migrants’ cultural and linguistic displacement intersects with these issues in complex ways, which can result in difficult coexistence.

Despite significant concentrations of migrant populations in rural areas in multiple European countries (with Ireland being one of the top five countries for rural migration according to a 2019 report from the EU’s Joint Research Centre), the challenges experienced by these populations have been overlooked. Research on multilingualism and multiculturalism has so far concentrated overwhelmingly on metropolitan areas. VICO fills this gap in the research, developing an interdisciplinary framework to study the sociolinguistic experience of migrants and refugees in rural areas.

The ethnographic research will investigate how intercultural communication emerges from the interaction between individuals and the Irish rural landscape, and what factors may help or prevent successful communication. The research team will collect information on language use, and on the practices of translation and interpreting, and on the use of different languages in the context of different cultural practices (such as sports, theatre, music, cooking). Finally, the research will explore links between migration and rural development through focus groups and participatory research. In this way, VICO creates new knowledge on how rural areas are dealing with diversity, and on the role that multilingualism may have in rural development.


Andrea Ciribuco is a lecturer in Italian at the University of Galway, and an Irish Research Council Laureate Fellow. His work investigates the role of translation in the experience of individuals with a migrant or refugee background; the links between multilingualism and creativity; and the use of the arts for intercultural communication.

He was recently co-investigator of the British Academy project “STRIVE – Sustainable Translations to Reduce Inequalities and Vaccination hEsitancy”, analysing the impact of translation and interpreting in the COVID-19 vaccination campaign in Italy. Previously (2017-2021), he was IRC-Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions CAROLINE fellow, working with asylum seekers in Italy on issues of language, social justice, and intercultural communication.

Contact Info:

E-mail: andrea.ciribuco@universityofgalway.ie

Dr Anna Gasperini

Irish Research Council Starting Laureate – Principal Investigator of “MILC”


MILC, “MedIcal Literature and Communication about Child health (1850-1914)”, is a comparative transnational study of medical literature about child health. It studies child health publications for parents in English, Italian, and French, comparing the discourses and strategies they used to convey scientific information to a non-specialist audience.

The period between 1850 and 1914 saw the rise of the popularization of science. Scientist sought channels to circulate scientific knowledge among the public, starting a flourishing market of popular medical literature. Child health texts circulating through this market aimed to prevent infant mortality and improve general health, especially by countering widespread, potentially lethal misinformation about breastfeeding and arguing the importance of regular exercise for older children. In this period, vaccination also emerged as a preventive tool, which resulted in the rise of the first anti-vaccination movements. Information and practices about these aspects also circulated across national borders via translation.

MILC compares how popular childcare books and pamphlets in English, French, and Italian conveyed information about these issues; it analyses their discourses, themes, and strategies in relation to national health improvement programmes, and to ideas about bodily agency (or lack thereof) applied to children and mothers; and it investigates the role of translation in the international circulation of these texts.


Dr Anna Gasperini is an IRC Starting Laureate based at the Discipline of Children’s Studies. She researches issues of health related to underprivileged, exposed, and/or powerless groups, mainly the poor and children/young people, focusing on the 19th and early-20th centuries. Her research approach combines literary and historical research with transnational comparative analysis. She has recently completed the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions research project FED – Feeding, Educating, Dieting: A Transnational Approach to Nutrition Discourses in Children’s Narratives (Britain and Italy, 1850-1900), which studied English and Italian nineteenth-century children’s literature and the history of child nutrition. The project results were published on Modern Language Open and on the Journal of Victorian Culture. She is the author of Nineteenth Century Popular Fiction, Medicine, and Anatomy – The Victorian Penny Blood and the 1832 Anatomy Act (Palgrave Macmillan, 2019).

Contact Info:

E-mail: anna.gasperini@universityofgalway.ie

Anna Furtado

Research Assistant on the PIETRA Project

Research Project:

Anna is a research assistant to the PIETRA Project on the area of Corpus Linguistics and Data Science. PIETRA’s aim is to study the translation products and processes that underpin the Catholic Church’s multilingual and global communication.


She holds a masters on Technology for Translation and Interpreting (EMTTI) from the University of Wolverhampton and the University of Malaga and a BA in Foreign Languages Applied to Multilingualism (LEA-MSI) from the University of Brasilia. Anna’s research interests involve Corpus Linguistics for Translation and Lexicography, Data Science for Natural Language Processing (NLP), and NLP technologies to foster linguistic/human rights.

Contact Info:

E-mail: annabeatriz.dimasfurtado@nuigalway.ie

Room THB-2015, Floor 2, Hardiman Research Building

Dr Leo Shipp

Lecturer in the History Department, and a Postdoctoral Researcher on the ERC-funded project ‘Theatronomics: The Business of Theatre, 1732-1809’

Research Project:

‘Theatronomics: The Business of Theatres, 1732-1809’ is an interdisciplinary project funded by the European Research Council. Its PI is David O’Shaughnessy, and it includes three postdoctoral researchers (eventually four) and two research assistants. The project uses various forms of analysis, including an econometric approach and digital humanities methods, in the study of financial data pertaining to the two major eighteenth-century London theatres, Drury Lane and Covent Garden. Its primary source is the detailed account books produced by the two theatres in the period. By subjecting this hitherto-understudied material to innovative methods of scholarship, the project will be able to furnish new insights into the business of theatre, the commercial life of London, and the production and consumption of culture in eighteenth-century Britain.  


Dr Leo Shipp lectures in the History department on the early modern period and eighteenth century, and is a postdoctoral researcher in the School of English and Creative Arts. He works on Prof. David O’Shaughnessy’s project, ‘Theatronomics: The Business of Theatre, 1732-1809’. His AHRC-funded doctoral research, carried out at the University of Exeter, was on the British poets laureate of the long eighteenth century. He subsequently developed this research into a monograph, The Poets Laureate of the Long Eighteenth Century, 1668-1813: Courting the Public, which was published in the Royal Historical Society’s New Historical Perspectives series in August 2022. He has also published in the English Historical Review (April 2021).

He takes an interdisciplinary approach to eighteenth-century studies, being primarily a historian but engaging closely with English literature scholarship and carrying out research in Latin, French, Spanish and Italian material. As well as theatre history, he is particularly interested in the usage of the Spanish and Italian languages in eighteenth-century Britain.

Contact Info:

E-mail: leo.shipp@universityofgalway.ie

Dr Kandice Sharren

Postdoctoral Researcher on the ERC-funded project ‘Theatronomics: The Business of Theatre, 1732–1809

Kandice Sharren is a postdoctoral researcher on Theatronomics: The Business of Theatre, 1732–1809, led by Prof. David O’Shaughnessy. She completed her SSHRC-funded PhD at Simon Fraser University, where her research focused on the intersections of book production and developments in literary form during the Romantic period. She is the lead editor of The Women’s Print History Project, a bibliographical database of women’s contributions to print during the long eighteenth-century.  

Her publications have appeared in European Romantic Review, Huntington Library Quarterly, Digital Studies-Le Champ Numérique, and Eighteenth-Century Studies, andher current book project, Politics, Paratexts, and Transatlantic Fiction, 1790–1840, investigates the period between the rise of circulating library publishers such as the Minerva Press, which linked individual works of fiction to a brand, and the 1820s and 1830s, which saw the emergence of highly regularized literary annuals and reprint series. To the Theatronomics project she brings a keen interest in digital humanities methods, project management in the humanities, and the reception of women’s writing during the long eighteenth century. 

Contact Info:

Email: kandice.sharren@universityofgalway.ie

Dr Jennifer Buckley

Postdoctoral Researcher on the ERC-funded project ‘Theatronomics: The Business of Georgian Theatre, 1732-1809’.

Jennifer is Postdoctoral Researcher on the ERC-funded project ‘Theatronomics: The Business of Georgian Theatre, 1732-1809’, led by Prof. David O’Shaughnessy.  

Her research interests lie in British literature of the long eighteenth century, with a particular focus on periodical studies, print culture, and sociability. She completed her AHRC-funded PhD in 2020 at the University of York and is currently working on a monograph based on this research, provisionally titled Ecologies of Print: Periodicalism and the Novel, 1700-1760. She is currently co-editing a collection on Character and Caricature, 1660-1820 (Palgrave Macmillan), and has publications forthcoming with Eighteenth-Century Studies and Cambridge University Press. 

Contact Info:

E-mail: jennifer.j.buckley@universityofgalway.ie

Dr Maria Shmygol

Marie Skłodowska Curie Fellow on a project ‘Foreign Geographies and English Drama, c.1570-1660’ (ForGED)

Maria Shmygol is a Marie Skłodowska Curie Fellow, working on a project entitled ‘Foreign Geographies and English Drama, c.1570-1660’ (ForGED). Maria’s research interests include early modern drama, theatricality, travel writing, textual editing, and book history. She is Assistant Editor on the Oxford University Press Complete Works of John Marston (gen. eds. Martin Butler and Matthew Steggle), and has a forthcoming edition of  William Percy’s The Aphrodysial (1602), prepared for the Malone Society. In collaboration with Lukas Erne, she is translator and editor of a seventeenth-century German play entitled Tito Andronico for Arden Shakespeare (2022) and has recently published an article on mock sea-fights in Jacobean London. Maria is a Trustee and Director of the British Shakespeare Association and a project member of Medieval and Early Modern Orients. She has held postdocs at the Universities of Geneva and Leeds, and fellowships at the Library of Congress and the Folger Shakespeare Library. Her previous research was supported by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (UK), the Swiss National Science Foundation, the Société Académique de Genève, and the Schmidheiny Foundation. She tweets @MariaShmygol

Maria’s MSCA project (ForGED) investigates the role played by non-European geographies in English drama between c.1570 and 1660, exploring how English drama invoked locations that were the focus of national mercantile and colonialist interests. ForGED will also explicate how early modern drama engages with established foreign empires that were at once alluring and threatening to English national interests and theatre audiences alike. This project will shed light on how England’s cultural, commercial, and colonial interests in (and anxieties about) non-European geographical locations shaped key developments in drama and theatre.

Contact Info:

E-mail: maria.shmygol@universityofgalway.ie

Dr Christopher Lewin

Irish Research Council Postdoctoral Fellow


Linguistic forms and language ideology in the revival of Manx Gaelic

Manx is the historical language of the Isle of Man and is closely related to Irish and Scottish Gaelic. It was the spoken tongue of the majority of the population until the mid nineteenth century, when it was increasingly replaced as a community language by English, culminating in the death of the last native speaker in 1974. However, efforts to revive the language have gained wider popularity and success in recent decades. Today the language is spoken by several hundred people, mostly as a second language learnt in adulthood.

The research will investigate the linguistic features of Revived Manx in terms of grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation, as well as speakers’ attitudes and ideologies and the way in which these shape the structure of the language and vice versa.


Dr Lewin has research interests in the linguistics, sociolinguistics, philology and literature of Manx, as well as the wider Gaelic and Celtic languages, and has published in prominent Celtic Studies and linguistics journals including Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie, Journal of Celtic Linguistics, Cambrian Medieval Celtic Studies, Language in Society and Papers in Historical Phonology.

From 2020 to 2021 he was employed as a research assistant at Aberystwyth University on a project looking at linguistic variation and change in Manx manuscript sermons, funded by the British Academy, the Leverhulme Trust and Culture Vannin (the Manx Heritage Foundation). Dr Lewin is currently undertaking a two-year Irish Research Council postdoctoral fellowship at the National University of Ireland, Galway, with a project returning to the topic of linguistic change in the context of Manx language revitalization.

Contact Info:

E-mail: christopher.lewin@universityofgalway.ie

Dr Natasha Remoundou

Irish Research Council Laureate Fellow


Natasha’s research interests include adaptations of classical plays in contemporary European and Middle Eastern literature and theatre. She has published and presented papers on 20th and 21st c. drama and performance, Irish studies, queer poetry, feminism and women’s writing, post-humanism, interculturalism, memory, and human rights. Currently, she is working on her monograph on contemporary Irish literature, ecofeminsm, and human rights.


Dr Natasha Remoundou is an Irish Research Council Laureate Fellow at the Moore Institute at the National University of Ireland, Galway. She holds a PhD from NUI Galway in Classics & English on Antigone in contemporary Irish drama and cultural theory, a MSc. in English Literature: Writing & Cultural Politics from the University of Edinburgh, and a BA in English & American Literature from Deree – The American College of Greece where she is a Visiting Lecturer teaching the International Honours seminar “Antigone’s Dilemma: Citizenship and Resistance in the Contemporary World.” Previously, she held the posts of Visiting Research Fellow at the Moore Institute, NUI Galway, where she worked on archival research exploring Irish theatre, classical influences, and human rights issues. She has taught English literature and critical theory as an Assistant Professor of English Literature at Qatar University and as a Lecturer in literature, classical reception, and philosophy at NUI Galway. 

Contact Info:

E-mail: ANASTASIA.REMOUNDOU@universityofgalway.ie

Dr Margaret Brehony

Marie Skłodowska-Curie Global Research Fellow working on the project “Cuban-Irish Diasporas: Gender, Race and Ethnic Whitening Strategies” 

Margaret Brehony is a Marie Skłodowska-Curie Global Research Fellow at the Moore Institute, University of Galway mentored by Professor Dan Carey. She is currently based at the School of Irish Studies, Concordia University, Montreal Canada, working under the supervision of Professor Gearóid Ó hAllmhuráin and will return to the Moore Institute in Sept 2023.

Her research interests include Irish migration to Latin America and the Caribbean, Irish migration and Transatlantic Slavery; Intersections of gender, race and white colonisation in the Spanish Empire. A graduate of NUIG, with an MA in Digital Arts & Humanities from UCC, she earned a PhD in 2012 with a thesis entitled “Irish Migration to Cuba, 1835-1845: Empire, Ethnicity, Slavery and ‘Free’ Labour.” She is President of the Society for Irish Latin American Studies and co-editor with Nuala Finnegan of Irlanda y Cuba: Historias Entretejidas / Ireland and Cuba: Entangled Histories, Boloña, (Havana: 2019).

This MSCA project studies processes of gender, race, and culture in the Caribbean from the perspective of Irish migration to Cuba since the eighteenth century. The approach is multi-disciplinary crossing history, sociology, and digital humanities (DH). Drawing on archival sources in Cuba, Spain, North America and Ireland this study of migration and white colonisation strategies in a time of slavery in Cuba will producethe first open-access digital archive on Irish settlement in the Hispanic Caribbean entitled ‘Cuba-Ireland Digital Archive’ in a digital repository at NUIG hosted. The project will publish rare and endangered archival sources amassed during the research on Omeka S to enhance access to, visualisation, and analysis of sources. 

Contact Info:

E-mail: MARGARET.BREHONY@universityofgalway.ie

Dr Tereza Javornícky Brumovska

H2020 Marie Sklodowska-Curie Research Fellow @FHS UK (School of Liberal Arts and Humanities, Charles University)

Project no. 101027291 ENCOUNTER: Experiences of Youth in Natural Mentoring Relationships https://cordis.europa.eu/project/id/101027291

Project website: encounter.mentoring@fhs.cuni.cz

Project leaflet: Project ENCOUNTER


Natural mentoring relationships (NMRs) can positively affect children’s cognitive and socio-emotional development, well-being, and authentic agency. In addition, NMRs contribute to the intergenerational dialogue and social cohesion in EUs societies, that is, to the current priorities of the EU Council’s youth policy. Though formal youth mentoring interventions (FYM) that aim to foster the benefits of NMRs for socially disadvantaged youths are modelled on NMRs, there is a gap in knowledge on the dynamics and benefits of NMRs experienced in the general population of young adolescents (12-15 years) in the EU. Besides, despite the recognised benefits of NMRs, no mentoring programmes target the empowerment of youths in mentoring skills in the general population. Building on my previous experience and research on youth mentoring, the ENCOUNTER aims to examine the NMRs in experiences of young adolescents in the EU context, using the exploratory qualitative research design that draws on phenomenological interviews and visual participatory methods (PhotoVoice), and focusing on three main objectives:

• RO1: To examine the characteristics, dynamics, and perceived benefits of the natural mentoring relationships experienced by young adolescents in an EU context
• RO2: To conceptualise the theoretical, interdisciplinary youth-centred framework on natural mentoring phenomena by reviewing the relevant youth development theories across disciplines and research literature on NMRs.
• RO3: To contrast the functions, characteristics, and dynamics of NMRs among gender; and the features of NMRs experienced by young adolescents in the CZ and in an international context.

ENCOUNTER project will expand research, theory, and practice in the EU context by implementing novel methodological approaches in the field, enabling interdisciplinary conceptualisation of natural mentoring phenomena, and addressing UN SDG Goals 2030 and EU’s Youth Sector Strategy 2030.


With a background in social sciences and social work, Tereza has long-term experience researching the theme of youth mentoring. Her interest in youth mentoring started during her BA studies in 2003 when she volunteered for the Czech Big Brothers Big Sisters/5P mentoring programme. This experience became the research focus of her MA research dissertation, which eventually received funding for publication as a monograph on youth mentoring in the Czech context. This academic passion was further kindled during her PhD on understanding youth mentoring relationships and benefits, completed at NUI Galway. She is now particularly interested in leading participatory arts-based and qualitative research designs with children and young people.

As an MSCA IF Research fellow, Tereza is hosted at the School of Liberal Arts and Humanities at Charles University in Prague under the supervision of Dr Seidlova Malkova; and works closely with Prof. Michal Molcho (the Moore Institute and Department of Children’s Studies at NUI Galway), who co-supervises the project, besides cooperation with Mentoring Europe as another project’s partner.

Contact Info:

E-mail: tereza.brumovska@fhs.cuni.cz

Dr Maria Roca Lizarazu

Postdoctoral Researcher on “Creative Futures” project

Maria is a postdoctoral researcher on Prof. Rebecca Braun’s “Creative Futures” project. She works in literary and cultural studies and is currently writing her second monograph, exploring literary encounters with difference and diversity in contemporary, postmigrant Germany. As part of the “Creative Futures”-team, she will undertake research on a new project, investigating the contributions of creative representations and practices to debates about informal, performative and cultural citizenship with a specific focus on contemporary German-language culture.

Maria was awarded her PhD in German Studies from the University of Warwick in 2017. Prior to coming to Galway, she held an Early Career Fellowship at the Institute of Advanced Study, University of Warwick (2017-18), a Sylvia Naish Postdoctoral Fellowship at the Institute of Modern Languages Research, University of London (2018) and a Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship at the University of Birmingham (2018-2021). Her first monograph, Renegotiating Postmemory. The Holocaust in Contemporary German-language Jewish Literature, appeared with Camden House in 2020. Maria’s research interests include contemporary German-language literature and culture, memory studies, minority cultures, especially German Jewish, migration and citizenship, cosmopolitanism and transnationalism, as well as creative methods.

Contact Info:

E-mail: maria.rocalizarazu@universityofgalway.ie

Dr Orla Lehane

Postdoctoral Researcher on “Creative Futures” project

Orla is a postdoctoral researcher on prof. Rebecca Braun’s “Creative Futures” project. She has a background in arts and human rights education, with a particular focus on creative writing and storytelling. As part of the “Creative Futures” team she is carrying out research on creative spaces, the role of creative writing and storytelling in forging understandings between people, creating identities and in making sense of the world. Orla is interested in creative research methods and how these can be applied within the project.

Orla completed her Irish Research Council funded PhD ‘Mining the personal to carve a space of one’s own: a grounded theory study of grassroots countering violent extremism practitioners’ in 2018. This research focuses on the work of youth violence prevention practitioners and those working at grassroots level in the non-formal education sector. It explores the work of practitioners across a variety of ideologies, including right wing violent extremism, violent jihadism and violent extremism associated with republicanism and loyalism in Northern Ireland, all aiming to prevent young people from being drawn into violent behaviour. Conflict and violence prevention practitioners in Ireland, Northern Ireland, the UK, the USA, Sweden and Denmark were interviewed, including former violent extremists, former gang members,

survivors of acts of violence extremism, Imams, youth workers, artists and musicians. This grounded theory study documents the ways in which practitioners break down stereotypes generated by media and policy and help to bring people together. It involved interviewing over thirty practitioners in the UK, USA, Northern Ireland, Sweden and Denmark. This research was funded by an Irish Research Council PhD Scholarship.

Contact Info:

E-mail: orla.lehane@universityofgalway.ie

Dr Katherine Tycz

Irish Research Council Postdoctoral Fellow


As an Irish Research Council Postdoctoral Fellow (2021-2023) at the University of Galway, Katherine’s research project explores Printed Prayers in Italy, c. 1460-1660. This project investigates cheap religious print in the form of single-sheet flyers, printed images with captions, and short printed-prayer pamphlets, of which an estimated 350 examples survive in repositories in Italy, Europe, and the US.

Through the lens of printed prayers, this project will elucidate the cultural context of cheap devotional texts printed in Italy in the period between c. 1460 and 1660. Beginning with the establishment of the first printing press in Italy and ending at 1660, one hundred years after the end of the Council of Trent, the proposed timeframe facilitates a comprehensive investigation of how printed prayers changed in response to technological, societal, and religious developments. The project’s first goal is to design a database to preserve a digital record of the bibliographical, textual, and visual features of these rare extant printed prayers. Individual examples will also be examined utilising literary, visual, material, and multimodal analysis.

As part of the Printed Prayers project, Katherine is organizing a virtual conference on the theme of The World of Printed Prayers. Follow the project on Twitter @Printed_Prayers.


Katherine is an Irish Research Council Postdoctoral Fellow in the Discipline of Italian at the University of Galway. She is based in the Moore Institute, and she is affiliated with the Centre for the Study of Religion and the Centre for Antique, Medieval & Pre-Modern Studies (CAMPS). Katherine’s interdisciplinary research engages with early modern Italian devotional practices and material culture, focusing on the material text.

From 2018-2019, Katherine was an Andrew W. Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow at the Wolf Humanities Center at the University of Pennsylvania. Katherine earned her PhD in Italian from the University of Cambridge in 2018, where she was a member of the European Research Council-funded project, Domestic Devotions: The Place of Piety in the Italian Renaissance Home (Principal Investigators: Abigail Brundin, Deborah Howard, and Mary Laven). She also holds a BA in Italian & Art History from the College of the Holy Cross and a MA in the History of the Decorative Arts, Design History, & Material Culture from the Bard Graduate Center.

She has taught Italian literature, the history of medieval and Renaissance religion, the history of material culture and decorative arts, and the history of glass at the University of Cambridge, the University of Pennsylvania, the Bard Graduate Center, and the Rhode Island School of Design respectively. Katherine has also worked on curatorial and collections research projects for permanent collections and for exhibitions in museums in the US and UK. Katherine has published on Italian decorative arts and material culture, women in early modern Italy, early modern devotional objects and practices, print culture, and daily life in Renaissance Europe.

Contact Info:

E-mail: katherine.tycz@universityofgalway.ie

Dr Eavan O’Dochartaigh

SFI-IRC Pathway Programme Awardee and Principal Investigator of the project ‘Exploring the Arctic Archive.’


Eavan’s current research project explores the documentary art and literature of the western Arctic environment (in Alaska, Canada, Greenland, and the Nordic countries) and challenges the simplistic image of the Arctic as a space of ice and snow. Records such as watercolours, sketches, early photographs, travel narratives, personal journals, and periodicals can give us a fascinating insight into a very different Arctic than the one we see represented in twenty-first-century media. 

This hidden Arctic can contain many images and texts that do not ‘fit’ with the Arctic imaginary today. There are representations of summer and of flora, of women (and indeed by women), of domesticity and sociability, even representations of ‘explorers’ from the Indigenous viewpoint. By letting these unexpected images lead, the project will uncover and narrate a story of a varied, complex, diverse and inhabited place that unsettles the dominating narrative of the blank and forbidding Arctic. 


Eavan graduated from University of Galway in 2018 with a PhD in English, funded by the Irish Research Council and a Hardiman Scholarship, under the supervision of Prof Daniel Carey and Dr Nessa Cronin. From 2019 to 2021, she was a Marie Skłodowska-Curie Individual Fellow at Umeå University, Sweden, under the supervsion of Prof Maria Lindgren Leavenworth. Her current project at University of Galway is with the mentorship of Prof Daniel Carey and is funded by Science Foundation Ireland and the Irish Research Council’s Pathway Programme (2022-26). Her first monograph Visual Culture and Arctic Voyages, based on her PhD thesis, was published by Cambridge University Press in 2022.

Contact Info:

E-mail: eavan.odochartaigh@universityofgalway.ie

Dr Laura Ryan


Homelessness, in a sense, is modernism’s key theme. Long characterised as a movement of ‘exiles and émigrés’, themes of alienation and itinerancy loom large in modernist literature. However, preoccupations with metaphorical dispossession and ‘transcendental’ homelessness have meant that modernist writers’ experiences of literal displacement and enforced itinerancy have often been overlooked. This project addresses such oversights, bringing the literal to bear upon the metaphorical to investigate the work of modernist writers who were more literally homeless (including D. H. Lawrence, Claude McKay, Jean Rhys and Tom Kromer) and more widely to explore depictions of homelessness in modernist texts (by writers including George Orwell, Mina Loy and Samuel Beckett).  It does so in order to identify an aesthetics of ‘homeless modernism’ that recognises precarity as a distinct, important condition affecting the production of modernist literature. This research is also, crucially, concerned with examining how contemporary conceptions of homelessness were formed.


Laura has research interests chiefly in literary modernism and African American literature. She completed her AHRC-funded PhD in 2019 at the University of Manchester, with a thesis entitled “‘You are white – yet a part of me’: D. H. Lawrence and the Harlem Renaissance”. A monograph based upon this thesis is in progress and Laura has so far published on various aspects of her work and interests in English Language Notes, Études Lawrenciennes, Resources for American Literary Study and The Modernist Review.

Contact Info:

E-mail: Laura.Ryan@universityofgalway.ie

Dr Ciara Murphy

Postdoctoral Researcher on the CLS INFRA and ELEXIS research projects


Ciara is currently working with Dr Justin Tonra on communicating and disseminating research and resources as part of the CLS INFRA project. She is also interested in developing Modern and Contemporary Irish drama corpora as part of CLS INFRA. 

Ciara is currently writing her first monograph Performing Social Change on the Island of Ireland. From Republic to Pandemic, which builds on her PhD research. 


Dr Ciara L. Murphy is a Postdoctoral Researcher on the CLS INFRA and ELEXIS research projects. Ciara was previously Lecturer in Creative Arts Teaching and Learning in the School of Creative Arts at NUI Galway. Her forthcoming monograph Performing Social Change on the Island of Ireland: From Republic to Pandemic will be published by Routledge in 2022. She is currently co-editing a collection ‘Austerity and Irish Women’s Writing and Culture, 1980-2020’ which will be published by Routledge in 2021. Ciara was a researcher on the collaborative research project for #WakingtheFeminists, ‘Gender Counts: An Analysis of gender in Irish theatre 2006-2015’, that examines how key roles in Irish theatre have been gendered over the last ten years. Ciara has also published on contemporary Irish theatre in SceneJournal of Contemporary Drama in EnglishNew Hibernian Review/Iris Éireannach Nua and in The Palgrave Handbook of Contemporary Irish Theatre and Performance (2018). Ciara regularly consults with Irish arts organisations on mixed-methods research projects and is Communications Officer for the Irish Society for Theatre Research (ISTR).

Contact Info:

E-mail: ciara.murphy@universityofgalway.ie

Dr Brendan Tobin

Marie Sklodowska-Curie Individual Fellowship


Brendan’s comparative research explores the struggle of indigenous peoples’ of the Predio Putumayo in Colombia for protection from and justice for the impacts of extractive industry activities during the rubber boom in the early 1900s and today. His research is multidisciplinary intersecting genocide, human rights, anthropology, history, social psychology and digital media studies. It’s a story of genocide, resilience, reconciliation and the role of indigenous peoples’ own laws and cultural practices in their revival as peoples. It is also the story of the Irish humanitarian Roger Casement who travelled to the region in 1910 to investigate the activities of the British Registered Peruvian Amazon Company (PAC), and his continuing significance for the peoples of the region today. 

Research is being carried out at the Moore Institute under the supervision of Dr. Sean Crosson of the Huston School of Film and Digital Media. Professor William Schabas at the Irish Centre of Human Rights is providing guidance on human rights, genocide and international criminal law. The project proposal was developed in conjunction with the Bora, Huitoto, Muinane and Ocaina peoples of the Rio Igaraparana in the Predio Putumayo, Amazonas, their local government AZICATCH and the Casa de Conocimiento their secondary school. The project includes a secondment at the Forest Peoples Program and collaboration with International NGO’s Picture People and WITNESS in digital storytelling training. Research also benefits from the support of the Departments of Anthropology at Maynooth University, Universidad de los Andes and Universidad Nacional de Colombia.


Born in Galway, Brendan holds dual Irish and Peruvian citizenship. A barrister by training, he has over 25 years’ experience in the practice of environmental law, human rights and community development. For many years his work focused on national and international regulation of biodiversity conservation, access to genetic resources and the protection of traditional knowledge. He actively participated in international negotiating forums including the Convention on Biological Diversity, the World Intellectual Property Rights Organization and the Harvard Oil Dialogues. For the past decade his work focused on questions of indigenous peoples and local communities’ legal philosophies, juridiversity, and customary laws, and their role in securing environmental, biocultural and intercultural justice.

Dr. Tobin earned his PhD at the NUI Galway for his research, at the Irish Centre for Human Rights, on Why Customary Law Matters. His monograph Indigenous People’s Customary Law and Human Rights, was published by Routledge in 2014.  He has published widely on environmental law, human rights and legal pluralism. 

Contact info:

E-mail: brendan.m.tobin@universityofgalway.ie

Dr Sarah Corrigan

Postdoctoral Researcher on the Irish Research Council project ‘Ireland and Carolingian Brittany: Texts and Transmission (IrCaBriTT)’


Sarah’s current research is a component of Dr Jacopo Bisagni’s Ireland and Carolingian Brittany: Texts and Transmission (IrCaBriTT) project https://mooreinstitute.ie/projects/ireland-and-carolingian-brittany-texts-and-transmission/.

Along with PhD candidate Ms Paula Harrison, the aim of this project is to use a detailed philological and palaeographical study of newly identified manuscripts to investigate the intellectual connections between early medieval Brittany and its neighbours: Ireland, Britain, and France in particular.

Sarah’s focus is a compilation of Latin exegetical material containing glosses in both Old Breton and Old English. In addition to the use of these medieval vernaculars, the text and its two manuscripts evidence a complex regional network of intellectual and scribal activity. A complimentary aspect of her work is the survey and analysis of exegetical scholarship among the Bretons more broadly.


Previous to this project, Sarah held a two-year IRC postdoctoral fellowship (2017–2019), under the mentorship of Dr Anthony Harvey at the Dictionary of Medieval Latin for Celtic Sources, Royal Irish Academy, Dublin. Her project was entitled ‘Intertextuality in early medieval exegesis: the composition and reception of the commentary on Exodus in In Pentateuchum Commentarii‘. Sarah completed her PhD in Classics at NUI Galway (2017), supervised by Professor Michael Clarke. This research consisted of case studies exploring the interrelation between Irish, Insular and continental texts in the seventh to the ninth centuries through the thematic focus of the sea.

More recently, she successfully obtained IRC New Foundations funding to organise a series of workshops and seminars on the Early Medieval Digital Humanities (2019) https://mooreinstitute.ie/2019/11/13/adventures-in-zero-g-knowledge-exchange-in-early-medieval-digital-humanities/.

Contact info:

E-mail: sarah.corrigan@universityofgalway.ie

Dr Dieter Reinisch


Dieter’s research explores oral history, modern history, social movements, historical international relations, and political violence in Ireland and Europe.

With the assistance of his mentor, Prof. Niall Ó Dochartaigh (School of Political Science & Sociology), Dieter will be researching social movement radicalisation and political violence in Germany and Ireland since the end of World War 1.


Dieter comes to us from Central European University in Budapest, where he was a Junior Core Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study. Before his IAS Fellowship, he was a DAAD Postdoctoral Researcher at the Institute for Social Movements, Ruhr University Bochum. He has taught at the Webster Vienna Private University, the University of Vienna, and the University of Salzburg. He defended his PhD research project, an oral history of Irish republican prisoners between 1971-2000, at the Department of History & Civilization, European University Institute, in Florence, and he has since published several articles in major scholarly journals.

Dieter is a permanent editorial board member of the bi-lingual open-access journal “Studi irlandesi: A Journal of Irish Studies” published with Florence University Press; and regularly writes for national and international newspapers. His articles appeared in Washington Post, Times Higher Education, RTÉ Brainstorm, Irish Examiner, Der Standard, Die Presse, ND.derTag, and Wiener Zeitung, among others.

Contact info:

E-mail: dieter.reinisch@universityofgalway.ie

Dr Cathal Geoghegan

Economic-environmental-spatial impact of novel technologies

Policy Lab/BEACON Science Foundation Ireland Project Postdoctoral Researcher in Economics


The project will develop an analytical framework to undertake an economic-environmental-spatial impact assessment of new bio-economy sectors.

Novel economic analytical routines will be utilised to evaluate the multi-dimension impact of new technologies on the economy, whether it be from a system point of view, a value chain effect on the wider economy or from a risk assessment point of view. The project will also extend the value chain perspective to incorporate carbon footprinting.


Cathal recently completed a PhD titled ‘Understanding the Economics of Land Access in Ireland’ at NUI Galway. To date, this work has resulted in the publication of numerous articles in peer-reviewed journals and a published book chapter in Farm Level Microsimualtion Modelling (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017).  Previously, Cathal worked on the Commission for the Development of Rural Areas (CEDRA) and contributed to the writing of the commission’s final report and the book Rural Economic Development in Ireland (Teagasc, 2014).

Policy Lab, Moore Institute

Contact Info:

E-mail: cathal.c.geoghegan@universityofgalway.ie

Past Researchers

Dr Steven Hadley


Dr. Hadley will undertake key research under the direction of Prof. Daniel Carey (Director of the Moore Institute) in association with academic leaders in the University and within the 2020 team, focusing on monitoring and evaluation against an agreed set of aims, objectives and outcomes for Galway’s year as European Capital of Culture in 2020. These include measuring social and economic impacts against available baseline data and evaluating Galway 2020 activities undertaken in communities and with arts practitioners as part of the European Capital of Culture.

Contact info: 

E-mail: steven.hadley@universityofgalway.ie

Dr Cassie Smith-Christmas


LaFS (‘Language, Families, and Society’) focuses on three types of linguistic minority families—autochthonous, immigrant, and refugee—as a means to elucidating more about how social inequality is perpetuated (or arrested) along linguistic lines, and how policy at the local, national, and international levels can better support linguistic minority families. LaFS therefore will look at how families experience language policy in their daily lives and how this in turn affects their family-internal linguistic practices. It also will look at policymakers’ (government officials, support agencies, teachers, etc.) role in designing and implementing policy that affects linguistic minority families, with the main aim of uncovering any potential gaps and mismatches between families’ lived experiences and policymakers’ perceptions and initiatives.  LaFS is envisaged therefore to provide a lens to understanding more about Europe’s three main sociolinguistic challenges: the decline of its many autochthonous minority languages; increased linguistic diversity due to increased mobility among European member states; and what is generally referred to as the ‘refugee crisis.’ Ireland’s multifaceted linguistic make-up in terms of the official status of its autochthonous language (Irish) as well as the fact that historically, it is a country of out-migration rather than in-migration makes it a timely case study for this endeavour. LaFS will therefore centre on families who speak Irish as a home language (autochthonous); Polish (immigrant); and Arabic or Kurdish (refugee) as a means to understanding the challenges these linguistic minority families face and how these challenges affect their sense of identity, belonging, and overall well-being.


Cassie’s interest in language use in families initially stemmed from her work with a Scottish Gaelic-speaking family on the Isle of Skye for her PhD thesis at the University of Glasgow, completed in 2012.  Since then, she has continued research with families and communities involved in language revitalisation, and she has held fellowships with Soillse at the University of the Highlands and Islands and at the Institute for the Advanced Studies in the Humanities (IASH) at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland.  In Ireland, she was a Government of Ireland Irish Research Council Postdoctoral Fellow (2016-2018) with the project ‘The Challenges of Minority Language Maintenance:  Family Language Policy in Scotland and Ireland’ and also held a fellowship with the Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage as co-principal investigator for the project ‘The Intersection of Language and Community in Corca Dhuibhne.’


Cassie’s recent publications include a monograph Family Language Policy: Maintaining an Endangered Language in the Home (Palgrave, 2016) and two co-edited collections New Speakers of Minority Languages: Linguistic Ideologies and Practices (Palgrave, 2018) and Gaelic in Contemporary Scotland:  The Revitalisation of an Endangered Language (EUP, 2018).  She also is the author of 16 peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters, details of which can be found here on her staff profile.

Contact Info:

E-mail: Cassandra.Smith-Christmas@universityofgalway.ie

Twitter: @cassiesmithxmas

Dr Ciaran Arthur


Ciaran’s research interests lie in medieval manuscript studies, monastic culture, liturgy, medical and remedial practices, constructions of magic and paganism, theologies of language and translation, and hermeneutic traditions from England, Ireland, and the Continent.

With the assistance of his mentor Dr. Pádraic Moran (School of Languages, Literatures and Cultures), Ciaran will be working on his project “Intentional Obscurity and ‘Divine Speech’ in Early English Texts”.


Ciaran comes to us from Queen’s University, Belfast, where he did his PhD and then held a prestigious postdoctoral award from the Leverhulme Trust. His PhD work was published by Boydell Press in 2018 (‘Charms’, Liturgies, and Secret Rites in Early Medieval England) and he has since published several articles in major scholarly journals.

Ciaran was also a curator, with Sinéad O’Sullivan, of the wonderful Ciphers, Codes and Notes online exhibition:

Contact info:

E-mail: ciaran.arthur@universityofgalway.ie

Dr. Laoighseach Ní Choistealbha


Republic of Conscience is an Irish Research Council-funded project based in the Moore Institute, NUI Galway. The project is concerned with the dissemination of human rights ideas within Irish poetry, both English- and Irish-language Irish poetry, as well as translations from other European languages, within the twentieth century.


Laoighseach Ní Choistealbha is a research assistant on the Republic of Conscience: Human Rights and Modern Irish Poetry, and is based in the Moore Institute. Her interests include folklore, poetry, and translation.

Contact Info:  

Email: laoighseach.nichoistealbha@oegaillimh.ie

Dr. Andrew Phemister


Andrew’s current research project examines the development of boycotting as popular political activism, and in particular the profound impact of the practice on liberal political thought in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Denounced as a form of terrorism, this organised social and economic ostracism nevertheless generally involved a rejection of violence, seeking to highlight instead the interdependence of the individual and the wider community. As such, boycotting threatened the stability of the existing economic order and the authority of the state, yet initially offered no obvious avenues for legal redress. The project employs methodologies from transnational and intellectual history, and draws on original archival research to examine how the use of the boycott destabilized prevailing conceptions of individualism, rational autonomy, and property, and how the practice shaped the political discourse of modern liberalism.


Andrew works on Irish political and intellectual history over the long nineteenth century, with a particular focus on transatlantic republican radicalism and the intersecting issues of land, liberalism, and popular activism. He holds degrees from the University of Edinburgh (MA, PhD) and the University of Cambridge (MPhil), and was formerly a postdoctoral fellow at Edinburgh’s Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities, and the University of Oxford. His doctoral work, which is currently being prepared as a monograph, looked at the role of American land reformer Henry George in the Irish Land War.

Contact info:

Email: andrew.phemister@nuigalway.ie

Dr. Anne Karhio


Virtual landscapes? New media technologies and the poetics of place in recent Irish poetry

Irish Research Council and Marie Skłodowska-Curie ELEVATE postdoctoral fellow


The project focuses on the impact of new media technologies on literary representations of landscape in Irish poetry and poetic culture. It addresses the relationship between new media and poetry both thematically, and through the aesthetic and cultural implications of new forms of dissemination. Works included have been published in print as well as in digital formats, and the project also covers poetry’s engagement with visual and audiovisual arts, music, and other forms of artistic production.


Dr Anne Karhio is an Irish Research Council Laureate Project Fellow in the project “Republic of Conscience: Human Rights and Modern Irish Poetry”. Her research interests include contemporary Irish poetry, digital literature and culture, and the aesthetics of space and landscape. She is a graduate of the University of Helsinki and holds a PhD in English from the National University of Ireland in Galway. She has contributed to the European Research Council -funded project “Machine Vision in Everyday Life: Playful Interactions with Visual Technologies in Digital Art, Games, Narratives and Social Media” at the University of Bergen, Norway, and has previously completed a Irish Research Council MSCA co-fund postdoctoral project on “Virtual Landscapes: New Media Technologies and the Poetics of Place in Recent Irish Poetry”. Her publications include a number of journal articles and critical essays on contemporary poetry, electronic literature, digital media aesthetics, and place and landscape. She is the author of Slight Return: Paul Muldoon’s Poetics of Space (Peter Lang, 2016), and the co-edited collection of critical essays Crisis and Contemporary Poetry (Palgrave MacMillan, 2011).

Contact Info:
Moore Institute, National University of Ireland, Galway
E-mail: anne.karhio@nuigalway.ie
Twitter: https://twitter.com/AnneSofiaKarhio

Dr. Clíona Hensey


Clíona’s research is centred on representations of memory, trauma, testimony, witnessing and the imagination in contemporary writing by daughters and granddaughters of harkis, Algerian auxiliary soldiers enlisted in the French army during the Algerian War of Independence (1954-1962).

With the assistance of her mentor, Prof. Phil Dine (School of Languages, Literatures, and Cultures), Clíona is currently preparing a monograph publication based on her PhD research, which is provisionally titled Reconstructive Memory Work: Trauma, Witnessing and the Imagination in Writing by Female Descendants of Harkis.


Clíona completed her PhD at the National University of Ireland, Galway, in 2018, as an Irish Research Council doctoral scholar under the joint supervision of Prof Philip Dine and Dr Máire Áine Ní Mhainnín.

Contact info:

Email: cliona.hensey@nuigalway.ie

Dr. Andrea Ciribuco


Dr. Andrea Ciribuco received NUIG’s first Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions COFUND Collaborative Research Fellowships for a Responsive and Innovative Europe (CAROLINE) with the Irish Research Council in 2017 under the mentorship of Dr. Anne O’Connor, School of Languages, Literatures, and Cultures.

Dr. Ciribuco’s project – LINCS (Language Interaction and New Communities in a multilingual Society) – – is a project about language, the migrant experience, and cultural identity.


Dr. Ciribuco spent two of the three years of the fellowship in the field, working with an Italian NGO, Tamat. The goal was to achieve a better understanding of the links between language, cultural background, and how individuals present themselves in a new culture. This knowledge will be used to inform and promote language practices and policies that will ultimately result in more inclusive societies.

In this current year of the project, Dr. Ciribuco will use the knowledge acquired during these two years of field work to create collaborations and exchanges of knowledge with Irish organizations.

The project will interest NGOs, local and European institutions as well as scholars, creating awareness of the ways in which we can remove linguistic obstacles to communication in a multicultural, multilingual Europe.

Contact Info:

Email: andrea.ciribuco@nuigalway.ie 

Dr. Kieran Fitzpatrick


Between roughly 1880 and 1950, the way in which scientific medicine conceived of and treated cancer went through a series of seismic changes, changes that have influenced the structure and perceptions of cancer medicine into the twenty-first century. An important figure in contributing to these changes was Peter Freyer, born near Clifden, Connemara, a graduate of the then Queen’s College Galway, and later one of the foremost prostate specialists in the world. My work at the Moore Institute seeks to use Freyer’s remaining archive, which is extensive and held at the University’s Special Collections, to provide a history of the extent to which, how, and why cancer medicine changed in this period, and what those changes meant for the practice of medicine not just in Britain and Ireland, but further afield, too. 


Dr Kieran Fitzpatrick is currently the NUI’s post-doctoral Research Fellow in the Humanities for 2018-2020. Prior to his starting in this role, he was a post-doctoral research assistant at St John’s College, Oxford, which was also the location for his doctoral research that was completed with the assistance of the Wellcome Trust between 2013 and 2016. His initial training as a historian was undertaken at the University of Limerick (2007-2011) and NUI Galway (2011-2012). 

Contact Info: 

Email: kieran.fitzpatrick@nuigalway.ie

Dr. Bronagh Ann McShane

National University of Ireland Post-Doctoral Fellow in the Humanities


My project will provide a comprehensive, long-term study of the experiences and activities of Irish women religious from 1530 down to the mid-eighteenth century, a period of tumultuous religious change and upheaval. The suppression of religious houses in Ireland during the 1530s and 1540s marked an abrupt end to a formal way of religious life, which traced its origins back to the early Christian Church. While we know a good deal about the experiences of Irish male religious in the aftermath of the monastic suppression campaigns, and about women religious in England and Europe, by contrast the Irish female experience has been largely overlooked in the historiography of early modern Ireland and European female monasticism. My project will address that lacuna in existing scholarship by examining the ways in which Irish women religious negotiated their survival in the aftermath of the religious reforms of the 1530s and 1540s down to the mid-eighteenth century.


Bronagh Ann McShane is a social historian specialising in the history of women, religion and confessionalisation in early modern Ireland and Europe. She completed her PhD (IRC-funded) at Maynooth University in 2015. She has published articles on aspects of her research in British Catholic History and Archivium Hibernicum and is contributing to a forthcoming collection on New Directions in Early Modern Irish History (contracted with Routledge). Between 2015 and 2018 Bronagh was employed as a postdoctoral researcher on the project ‘RECIRC: The Reception and Circulation of Early Modern Women’s Writing, 1550-1700’, directed by Professor Marie-Louise Coolahan and funded by the ERC.

Contact Info:

Email: Bronagh.mcshane@nuigalway.ie

Twitter: @BA_McShane

Dr. Emma Creedon

IRC Government of Ireland Postdoctoral Fellow


This project is focusing on the role of physical disability in twentieth and twenty-first century Irish drama. Considering specific stagings of the disabled body, it is investigating how the convention of “cripping up”, an industry term describing the practice of an able-bodied actor playing a disabled character, can perpetuate stereotypes and contribute to the marginalisation of those with physical disability in Irish culture.

Twentieth century and contemporary Irish drama contain numerous examples of physical disability being performed by able-bodied actors. From the Blind Man in W.B. Yeats’ On Baile’s Strand (1904), to Beckett’s dramatic images of disability and bodily fragmentation, to “Cripple Billy” in Martin McDonagh’s The Cripple of Inishmaan (1997), there is an Irish dramatic tradition of identifying disabled characters by their physical impairment. Furthermore, disability is often employed as a synecdoche for a thwarted morality (historical examples include the hunchback in Dion Boucicault’s The Colleen Bawn (1860)) or blindness as an allegory for prophecy. However, there are few examples in Ireland, and indeed internationally, of theatres sourcing disabled actors to play these roles. By “cripping up,” an actor demonstrates his/her performative virtuosity, rather than committing to accurate representations of reality. The result is the potential degradation of the disabled body, a stylised performance evoking vaudevillian conventions; performance thus engenders belief in stereotype. This has serious implications regarding preconceptions about normalcy. Irish drama will be examined as a case study and will be contextualised within international debates about corporeality, reconstructive surgery, bodily memory, prosthesis, phenomenology, and theories of the posthuman.

Contact Info:

Dr Emma Creedon

IRC Government of Ireland Postdoctoral Fellow

Moore Institute for Research in the Humanities and Social Studies,

Hardiman Research Building,

National University of Ireland, Galway.

Email: emma.creedon@icloud.com

Dr. Felicity Maxwell

Irish Research Council Government of Ireland Postdoctoral Fellow


My current project is to write the first-ever monograph about the seventeenth-century Anglo-Irish thinker and letter writer Dorothy Moore. Unusually for a woman at that time, Moore participated in scholarly networks and used correspondence with other members of the Hartlib Circle and of the wider European Republic of Letters as the means to develop and disseminate her ideas on a number of challenging topics: how to improve women’s education; how to increase women’s involvement in the public life of Protestant societies; the purposes of Christian singleness and marriage; and religious politics in Britain and the Netherlands. Through close readings of Moore’s surviving correspondence in English, French, and Latin and through visualisations of her involvement and reception within two interconnected intellectual networks, the monograph will offer an overarching interpretation of Moore’s unique contributions to the Protestant Republic of Letters and will establish her importance to the fields of Irish and British women’s writing and women’s history, within the wider context of transnational Protestant intellectual culture.


Originally from Ottawa, Canada, Felicity came to Galway in September 2014 as a postdoctoral researcher on the project ‘RECIRC: The Reception and Circulation of Early Modern Women’s Writing, 1550-1700’, directed by Professor Marie-Louise Coolahan and funded by the ERC. Felicity obtained her PhD in English at the University of Glasgow in June 2014 with the support of a Doctoral Fellowship from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. As a doctoral researcher affiliated with the ‘Bess of Hardwick’s Letters’ project, directed by Dr Alison Wiggins, Felicity wrote her thesis on the correspondence of Bess of Hardwick’s servants, c. 1550-1590. For details of Felicity’s (and RECIRC colleagues’) recent publications and presentations, see http://recirc.nuigalway.ie/presentations-and-publications.

Contact Info: 

Email: felicity.maxwell@nuigalway.ie

Twitter: @flmaxwell (intermittently!)

Dr. José Brownrigg-Gleeson Martínez


IRC Government of Ireland Postdoctoral Fellow

‘The global Irish and the re-imagining of Latin America during the Age of Revolutions (1776–1848)’

My research project examines the neglected role of Latin America in the development of Irish perceptions of imperialism, decolonization and modernity during the Age of Revolutions (1776–1848). The project looks beyond the scholarship concerning the place of Ireland within the British Empire to analyse the rich body of textual images of Latin America created and circulated amongst Irish communities —both at home and abroad— during the period. The research first charts Irish images of the Iberian New World in the late 18th century. It then traces Irish interpretations of the challenges faced by Latin America during the struggle for independence and the formation of the new nation-states, in the form of civil wars, economic crises and racial tensions. Finally, it studies how these views were assimilated and integrated into discussions about the Irish experience of empire and emigration from the passing of the Act of Union to Young Ireland’s abortive 1848 rebellion. Additionally, the project aspires to encourage discussion on the position of Latin America in the expanding environment of Irish Studies.


José is a historian of Latin America and Ireland in the 18th and 19th centuries. He holds a PhD in History from the University of Salamanca (Spain), where he was a founding member of Indusal, the university’s research group on Latin American independence. Together with exploring the intellectual and political dimensions of Irish involvement in the revolutionary processes of the Hispanic world, he has published on other aspects of transnational history, such as Irish migration, mobility and multilingualism in Spanish America during the late colonial period, and Hispano-Irish relations. This research has received the generous support of various institutions, such as the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation, and Harvard University’s International Seminar on the History of the Atlantic World. José was the 2017–18 National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) Fellow at the University of Notre Dame’s Keough-Naughton Institute for Irish Studies (USA), and previously worked as an associate lecturer at the University of Winchester (UK), and as a research assistant at NUI Galway on the project ‘Changing Words/Changing Worlds: Translation in Nineteenth-Century Ireland’, directed by Dr. Anne O’Connor and funded by the IRC. José is also active in the field of translation and has translated several books.

Contact Info:

Email: josegleeson@gmail.com

Dr. Ciaran McDonough

Project: During this fellowship, I will work on a book chapter for a collected volume of essays titled Hardiman and After: Galway Culture and Society since 1820. My contribution will cover a biography of James Hardiman, the first librarian of NUI Galway (then Queen’s College, Galway) and his works in their nineteenth-century antiquarian context. James Hardiman (1782-1855) was a leading intellectual of his day, a scholar of music, poetry, folklore and history. In 1820, he published the groundbreaking History of the Town and County of the Town of Galway. On the establishment of the university in Galway in 1849, he was appointed its Librarian, a post he held for the remainder of his life. An important new book, Hardiman and After: Galway Culture and Society, 1820-2020 (edited by John Cunningham and Ciaran McDonough) marks the bicentenary of the publication of Hardiman’s History, in conjunction with Galway’s historic year as European Capital of Culture.

Ciaran McDonough was until recently a Postdoctoral Researcher in History at the National University of Ireland, Galway. She was awarded a PhD in 2017 by NUIG for her thesis on nineteenth-century Irish antiquarian cultures. She has published articles on Irish antiquarianism and the Irish language in the nineteenth century in Studi Irlandesi, Studia Celtica Fennica, and Landscapes. She is the co-editor of the forthcoming collection of essays (with John Cunningham),
Hardiman and after: Galway Culture and Society, 1820-2020.

Contact info:


Dr Margaret Scull

Project Title: ‘Death be not proud’: Funerals as Protest during the Northern Ireland ‘Troubles’

Dr Maggie Scull is Irish Research Council postdoctoral fellow. Before joining the Moore Institute she was a Teaching Fellow in Modern British and Irish History at King’s College London. Her interdisciplinary research explores the relationship religion and politics in the contemporary period. She examines the ‘soft power’ influence religious leaders still possessed in British and Irish politics after the Second World War. Her current project examines the role of funerals throughout the Northern Irish ‘Troubles’. In addition, she is working on a monograph exploring the Catholic Church’s response to the conflict in Northern Ireland, 1968-98. In 2016, she co-organised the ‘Rethinking the 1980/81 Hunger Strikes’ Project with Dr Alison Garden, which examined the legacy of the strikes for British and Irish politics and culture. Earlier this year she co-organised ‘Agreement 20’ project, a two-day symposium at the Irish World Heritage Centre in Manchester marking the twentieth anniversary of the Belfast/Good Friday Agreement.

Contact Info:

Email: margaret.scull@nuigalway.ie

RECIRC Project

recircRECIRC: The Reception and Circulation of Early Modern Women’s Writing, 1550-1700 is an ERC-funded project led by Marie-Louise Coolahan, involving seven postdoctoral researchers and two doctoral students. The project is producing a large-scale, quantitative analysis of the reception and circulation of women’s writing from 1550 to 1700. The results will enable analysis of how texts, ideas and reputations gained traction in the early modern period. The focus includes writers who were read in Ireland and Britain as well as women born and resident in Anglophone countries; the subject of study is not limited to authors who wrote in English. RECIRC is organised in four interlocking work packages: transnational religious networks; the international republic of letters; the manuscript miscellany; and book/manuscript ownership.

Dr. Alice Colombo

The transnational mobility of cheap print: British chapbooks in Italy, 1800-1850

My project compares British and Italian repertoires of popular publishing to determine how and to what extent translation is responsible for the similarities and differences that exist between them. Specifically, it tracks and analyses translations of British chapbooks published in nineteenth-century Italy, mainly between 1800 and 1850. The analysis of the Italian versions and their sources is carried out using an interdisciplinary approach that integrates translation studies with theories of textuality and the histories of the book and of reading. While contributing to translation history and to the bibliographical and historiographical survey of cheap print, my research enhances our awareness of the transnational dimension of popular publishing. This sheds new light on the processes that led to the formation of a shared European heritage of popular culture.

Dr. Alice Colombo
Marie Skłodowska-Curie Postdoctoral Fellow
Moore Institute, NUI Galway
Email: alice.colombo@nuigalway.ie
Twitter: https://twitter.com/alicecolombo8


Dr. Ciarán McCabe



I am currently in receipt of a one-year Irish Research Council Postdoctoral Fellowship, which is focused on publishing a monograph arising from my doctoral research. My research examines the practices of begging and alms-giving in pre-Famine Ireland ( c. 1815-45). Section I considers the challenges in defining and measuring beggary in this period, while also analysing the varied ways in which beggars were perceived – as deviant, benign or just simply ubiquitous. Section II explores the roles of lay charities and civil parish vestries in responding to begging and beggars; in the instance of charities, I am undertaking a case study of the mendicity society movement which spread throughout Ireland and Britain in the first half of the nineteenth century. Given the centrality of religion in the practice of charity and philanthropy in this period, Section III analyses how Roman Catholics and Protestants (of different denominations) viewed and negotiated begging and alms-giving, and to what extent can differences or similarities be attributed to confessional affiliation.

Contact Details:


Dr. Conor McNamara

drconormcnamaraDr. Conor McNamara is the 1916 Scholar in Residence for 2016 at the Moore Institute. This year he has spoken at over seventy academic conferences, community events and schools on the topic of the Easter Rebellion. He is the co-curator of the University’s flagship centenary exhibition, A College in War & Revolution 1913-19; The University Experience, currently on display in the Hardiman Library. He is currently compiling a directory of archives covering the revolutionary period in the west of Ireland and is the author of numerous journal articles and book chapters on the Revolutionary period in the west.

Dr. Conor McNamara
NUI Galway, 1916 Scholar in Residence, 2016
Author: Easter 1916: A New Illustrated History (2015)
Editor: The West of Ireland: New Perspectives on the Nineteenth Century (2011)

Dr Darrell Jones

Irish Research Council Government of Ireland Postdoctoral Fellow

Darrell Jones is a graduate of the University of Oxford and Trinity College Dublin. He has a broad range of research and teaching interests in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century literary, cultural, and intellectual history. Having completed his PhD in 2014, Darrell joined the Moore Institute two years later in order to begin a postdoctoral project entitled ‘The Early Modern Essay and the New Science’. The project explores the complex relationships among literary form, experimental philosophy, and intellectual discourse in late seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century Britain and Ireland. Work currently in progress includes a study of the composition and early reception of John Locke’s An Essay concerning Human Understanding (1690), and a chapter on Irish responses to the Molyneux problem for the forthcoming volume Irish Literature in Transition 17001780 (Cambridge University Press, 2018).

Dr Darrell Jones

Dr. David Clare


The Hibernicising of the Anglo-Irish Playwright, 1904-2013

This project aims to demonstrate that, since the opening of the Abbey Theatre in 1904, Irish theatre-makers have frequently imposed Irish elements onto the English-set plays written by the great, London-based, Irish Protestant playwrights.

As discerning critics have long recognised, George Farquhar, Oliver Goldsmith, R.B. Sheridan, Oscar Wilde, and Bernard Shaw frequently signalled their Irish origins in their plays. Often cited are their satirical portraits of the English, their subversive use of Stage Irishmen, and their inclusion of Irish topical references. In the decades since the Revival, however, Irish theatre-makers have not been satisfied with such coded expressions of Irishness. As an expression of their own cultural nationalism, theatre-makers have made the Irish characters in these plays more central; they have had certain English or continental European characters played with Irish accents; they have re-set plays in Ireland; and they have even included the Irish playwrights in the on-stage action.

This tendency to crudely “Hibernicise” these plays reflects the discomfort that Irish theatre practitioners feel with the Irish-British cultural hybridity of these playwrights. Being from Church of Ireland backgrounds, these writers self-identified as Irish and even possessed what Elizabeth Bowen referred to as the “subtle anti-Englishness” of the “Anglo-Irish”; however, they were also aware that they were, on some level, British (in the same way that a Scottish, Welsh, or Northern Irish person might consider themselves British today). I will argue that, in the wake of the Good Friday agreement (and for historical accuracy’s sake), critics and theatre-makers must understand and analyse the Irish-British hybridity of Irish Protestant writers, including those covered in this project.

Dr. David Clare is an Irish Research Council-funded postdoctoral research fellow based in the Moore Institute at the National University of Ireland, Galway. His first book, Bernard Shaw’s Irish Outlook, was published by Palgrave Macmillan in November 2015, and his journal articles on important figures from Irish literature and drama have appeared (or will soon appear) in the Irish Studies Review, the New Hibernia Review, the Irish University ReviewStudies: An Irish Quarterly Review, the Irish ReviewStudies in Burke and His Time, and Emerging Perspectives.

Email: david.clare@nuigalway.ie
Website: https://dahphd.academia.edu/DavidClare

Dr. Debora Biancheri

Representing difference: Issues of identity and cultural encounters in the Italian translations of Seamus Heaney

deb-biancheriDr. Biancheri’s research area is literary translation, and her main objective is to investigate to what degree source texts might be transformed by manifold cultural and social aspects inherent to the context of reception that also figure into the specific interpretive inscription of a translation. The focus of her project funded by the Irish Research Council is the critical analysis on the poetry of Nobel Laureate Seamus Heaney, and its reception in Italy in particular. The goal is to demonstrate that given target texts only corresponds to one interpretation of their sources, and to establish how this interpretation is influenced by factors transcending linguistic constraints. It is questioned, for instance, to what extent translated texts might challenge, or else conform to a given international construction of Irish and Northern Irish identity. This research, by way of a thorough engagement with literary texts in translation, contributes to the understanding of the cultural dialogue between European countries. The work resulting from this research provides a relevant intervention to topical debates in the area of translation studies, as well as to the ongoing discussion about Heaney’s poetic legacy in Ireland and abroad.

Debora Biancheri, MA, PhD
School of Languages Literatures and Cultures, NUI Galway
Ph: +353 086 7318469
E-mail: debora.biancheri@nuigalway.ie/ tobairvree@gmail.com

Dr. Deirdre Ní Chonghaile

NUI Postdoctoral Fellow in Irish/Celtic Studies


Deirdre Ní Chonghaile is a graduate of the University of Oxford and University College Cork. She first came to the Moore Institute in 2012 as an IRC Postdoctoral Fellow. Thereafter, she was a Research Associate with the Digital Culture Initiative and she now holds a NUI Postdoctoral Fellowship in Irish/Celtic Studies. Prior to coming to Galway, she was NEH Keough Fellow at the University of Notre Dame and Alan Lomax Fellow in Folklife Studies at the John W. Kluge Center at the Library of Congress in Washington D.C. She is currently completing a monograph about music-collecting in Ireland.


My work focuses on voices, contemporary and historical, especially those that have been marginalized, and on what they have to say or sing. With the NUI Post-Doctoral Fellowship in Irish/Celtic Studies, I hope to complete my historiographical book on music-collecting in Ireland and also to expand my research into Irish cultural history of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries by beginning work on the Rev. Daniel J. Murphy manuscripts at NUI Galway. Transcribed in Pennsylvania in 1884-1924, this abundant and untapped collection of Irish-language song and folklore documents the pre-Famine memory of Ireland as performed and preserved by scores of emigrants. As the Rev. Murphy collection pre-empts the work of the Irish Folklore Commission by two generations, the chance to unlock its potential presents an exciting opportunity to diversify and enrich the evidentiary base from which scholars currently draw. Developing the collection into an open-access resource promises to inspire a major re-assessment of Irish and Irish-American history, focusing especially on language and performance practices, migration, assimilation, and identity in a global context. It also promises to generate a new source for genealogy, music repertoire, and to repatriate cultural inheritances to stakeholders on both sides of the Atlantic.

Photo: Anne Burke

Erin McCarthy

Title: Postdoctoral Researcher, “RECIRC: The Reception and Circulation of Early Modern Women’s Writing, 1550–1700″


RECIRC aims to provide the first quantitative account of the reception and circulation of women’s writing. My research for the project focuses specifically on the transmission of women’s writing in manuscript miscellanies. This research will culminate in a co-authored monograph with Marie-Louise Coolahan and Sajed Chowdhury, tentatively titled ‘The Reception and Circulation of Early Modern Women’s Writing in Manuscript Miscellanies, 1550–1700’.


Erin A. McCarthy is a literary historian specializing in early modern British literature and the histories of material texts and reading. She is currently a postdoctoral researcher on the European Research Council-funded project “RECIRC: The Reception and Circulation of Early Modern Women’s Writing, 1550–1700” at the National University of Ireland, Galway. Beginning in February 2019, she will be Lecturer in Digital Humanities at the University of Newcastle (Australia). She has published articles in the John Donne JournalStudies in English Literature, and the Review of English Studies. Her first book, Doubtful Readers: Print, Poetry, and the Reading Public in Early Modern England is under contract with Oxford University Press.

Dr Jackie Ui Chionna

September 2018-February 2019 – Dr. Uí Chionna is currently preparing a book entitled “An Oral History of University College Galway, 1930-1980: A University in Living Memory” for publication. The book is based on interviews conducted as part of an oral history project initiated by the university management team at NUI Galway in 2007-2009. The project set out to establish what it was like to study, teach or work at what was then University College Galway from 1930-1980.  the book will be published by Four Courts Press, Dublin, in Autumn 2019. 

Dr. Laura Branch

Marie Skłodowska-Curie Intra-European Fellow

Networks of Trade and Religion in Richard Hakluyt’s Principal Navigations (1589, 1598-1600).

This project investigates the relationship between trade and religion in Richard Hakluyt’s Principal Navigations (1589, 1598-1600), a vast repository of documents concerned with early modern commercial and colonial expansion. The study has two central objectives: the first is to introduce a more sophisticated understanding of religious identity into the discussion of Hakluyt and his sources. Traditionally, scholars have labelled Hakluyt a staunch Protestant, but I argue that his anti-Catholic rhetoric simply reflected state policy, while the extensive material he included in his collection features an important array of interactions between traders of different faiths, suggesting a more diverse, flexible and pragmatic world of commerce. The second objective is to re-establish the centrality of England’s long-distance trading empire to Hakluyt’s vision by considering trading missions to Russia, Persia, and the Levant. Scholars have devoted disproportionate attention to the material relating to the Americas despite the fact that it comprises just one third of the text. This research takes a nuanced approach to cross-confessional trade by considering not only how Protestants traded with Muslims and Orthodox Christians, but also how English Catholics lived and worked alongside English Protestants and how far their attitudes differed towards other faiths. The project is interdisciplinary in engaging with aspects of early modern trade, religion, culture and literature; and blends methodologies of textual analysis with prosopography and social network theory.

Email: laura.branch@nuigalway.ie
Web: https://nuigalway.academia.edu/laurabranch
Twitter: www.twitter.com/hypocras

Dr. Nahuel  Sznajderhaus

Irish Research Council Postdoctoral Fellow Project title:

‘A Realist Approach to Quantum Mechanics and Inter-theory Relations in Physical Theories: the Closed Theories View’.

Current research:

In this IRC Fellowship Nahuel will articulate a philosophical approach to the interpretation of quantum mechanics, with particular focus on the relationship between classical mechanics and quantum mechanics. By contrast with classical mechanics, it is still unclear what quantum mechanics is about. Nevertheless, the tradition considers that classical mechanics can be recovered “in the limit” from quantum mechanics. And yet there are notorious difficulties in describing how that limit works.  His PhD thesis examined these issues, criticised the traditional framework and motivated an alternative view based on the pluralist view of Werner Heisenberg, which he aims to develop further during this project.


After completing his studies in physics at the University of Buenos Aires in Argentina, Nahuel obtained a Darwin Trust of Edinburgh scholarship to pursue a PhD in philosophy. He was awarded PhD at the University of Leeds in March 2017 with the thesis “Realism and Intertheory Relationships: Interstructuralism, Closed Theories and the Quantum-Classical Limit”. From March through August 2017 Nahuel conducted research as a short-term post-doctoral researcher at the Leeds Humanities Research Institute. He has also worked extensively in education outreach in England and in Argentina.


“Decoherence and intertheory relations in quantum realism”. Metatheoria UNTREF, Argentina, www.metatheoria.com.ar. 2017. In press. “On the received realist view of quantum mechanics”. Cadernos de Historia e Filosofia da Ciencia, UNICAMP, Brazil, v.2, n.1, 2016. In press. “Current debates in the philosophy of quantum mechanics”. Cadernos de Historia e Filosofia da Ciencia, UNICAMP, Brazil, v.2, n.1, 2016. Co-authored with Jonas R. Becker Arenhart. In press.

email: nahuel.sznajderhaus@nuigalway.ie

Twitter: @N_Sznajderhaus URL: nsznaj.weebly.com

Dr. Niamh Wycherley

The Language of Relics in Medieval Ireland

NUI Postdoctoral Fellow in Irish/Celtic Studies


This project will construct the first detailed analysis of the terminology and language relating to the cult of relics in early Ireland, from the fifth to the twelfth century. Despite the internationally recognised importance of the cult of relics there has been relatively little historical research undertaken on the cult of relics in Ireland. An obstacle to this research has been the bilingual nature of the early Irish sources, which has produced a large body of terms used to denote relics, deterring scholars. It is only through a detailed analysis of the specific terms used in these sources, by someone like myself, skilled in both Old Irish and Latin, that the nuances within the cult of relics can be revealed. Both Latin and vernacular terms for saints’ relics repay scrutiny. They are often less transparent than modern histories assume, and some Old Irish relic-terms reveal more than their Latin counterparts about prevailing religious customs.

Dr Niamh Wycherley
NUI Postdoctoral Fellow in Irish/Celtic Studies

Dr. Regina Donlon

The Tuke Irish in Minnesota: a transnational analysis of assisted emigration to the American Midwest, 1880-1930.

Between 1882 and 1884 over 9,000 people from the Clifden, Oughterard, Belmullet and Newport Poor Law Unions left the west of Ireland as part of James Hack Tuke’s assisted emigration schemes. Of these, an estimated 800 emigrants settled in the US Federal State of Minnesota. Accordingly, this study considers the origins of an Irish emigrant community in the west of Ireland, discussed in tandem with the unique characteristics of their immigrant experience in the American Midwest. The project explores and chronicles the lives of Tuke’s assisted emigrants from counties Galway and Mayo and examines their experience through social, cultural, economic, political and religious lenses. This provides a narrative of the transnational nature of migration and its ability to forge global connections. Ultimately the study reveals some the challenges and opportunities faced by the Irish emigrants to the American Midwest during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Regina Donlon,
Moore Institute,
Hardiman Building,
NUI Galway,

Email: regina.donlon@nuigalway.ie
Telephone: 091 493903

Dr Thomas Leahy

Irish Research Council Government of Ireland Postdoctoral Fellow

‘Memory beyond borders: dealing with the legacy of the Northern Ireland conflict in the Republic of Ireland, 1969 to 2016’.

Current research:

This research investigates the impact of the Northern Ireland conflict on the Republic of Ireland between 1969 and 2016. It considers four key questions: what impact has the Troubles had on Irish politics and society? what has been the current contribution of the Irish government towards dealing with the legacy of the Troubles? should any further efforts be made? what role can history play in dealing with the legacy of the Troubles in the Irish Republic? The research involves cross-referencing a range of sources, including original interview material provided by various political parties, victims groups, former paramilitary groups, and government departments in Ireland, Northern Ireland and the UK. The research seeks to engage with public debates and to inform Irish government ideas for dealing with the past in relation to the Northern Ireland conflict.


Thomas was awarded his PhD in history from King’s College London in 2015. His PhD work that is currently under consideration for a book is entitled: ‘Informers, the Provisional Irish Republican Army and British counter-insurgency strategy during the Northern Ireland conflict, 1969-1998’. This research partly involved evaluating a unique range of interview material from all sides of the conflict. He has previously lectured at Cardiff University on the Northern Ireland conflict.

Publications: ‘The Influence of Informers and Agents on Provisional Irish Republican Army Military Strategy and British Counter-Insurgency Strategy, 1976–94’ in Twentieth Century British History, (2015), Vol.26, Issue 1, pp.122-146.